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Abstract

Domestic kitchen area is the most important, most intensely used functional area in the apartment. With regard to laboratory nature of kitchen works, equipment and users of different age and physical fitness, kitchen is a potentially dangerous place. From the beginning of its existence kitchen has influenced family integration and socialization processes. For centuries the kitchen area has been changing its equipment, shape and location with regard to other rooms in a home. The appearance of ergonomics and anthropometry sciences made it possible to do a research, in order to simplify kitchen work. American housewives initiated an improvement of the kitchen area. The technical progress enabled an infiltration of functional areas, an integration of equipment functions and their grouping, which is seen in models of the open kitchen and the island-shaped kitchen. The evolution of domestic kitchen is a constant process, and because of that fact, it needs to be ergonomically analyzed. It is necessary to take into consideration the ergonomic criteria of both planning and correcting the existing kitchen solutions. Ergonomic education of statistic user contributes to the reduction of accidents and the facilitation of kitchen work.

Keywords

domestic kitchen technical progress ergonomics socialization 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jerzy Charytonowicz
    • 1
  • Dzoana Latala
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ArchitectureWroclaw University of TechnologyWroclawPoland

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