Advertisement

The Effects of Font Size and Page Presentation Method of E-Book Reading on Small Screens for Older Adults

  • Wang-Chin Tsai
  • Yi-Lin Ro
  • Ya-Tzu Chang
  • Chang-Franw Lee
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6767)

Abstract

It is predictable that the E-book market would attract more and more older customers, and has the potential benefits for older adults to interact with technology and enjoy the reading pleasure. The main purpose of this research is to investigate the effects with font sizes and page presentation methods for the E-Book reading performance. 24 older adults, ages 62 to 70, participated in the study. Reading speed and accuracy were measured and subjective satisfaction assessment of older adults recorded. The results indicate that reading with flip page method of E-book caused significantly higher reading speed than reading with scrollbar page method. Subjective results showed that older adults preferred 14 font size and more positive comments showed a preference with flip page presentation method.

Keywords

Older adults E-book Font size Page presentation method 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Boss, R.W.: E-book; An uncertain future, Tech Notes, American Library Association (2004)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mayes, D.K., Sims, V.K., Koonce, J.M.: Comprehension and workload differences for VDT and paper-based reading. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 28(6), 367–378 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Egan, D.E., Remde, J.R., Landauer, T.K., Lochbaum, C.C., Gomez, L.M.: Behavioral evaluation and analysis of a hypertext browser. In: Proceedings of CHI 1989, pp. 205–210. Association for Computing Machinery, New York (1989)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dillon, A., Gabbard, R.: Hypermedia as an educational technology: a review of the quantitative research literature learner comprehension, control, and style. Review of Educational Research 68(3), 322–349 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Laarni, K.: Searching for Optimal Methods of Presenting Dynamic Text on Different Types of Screens. In: Proceedings of the Second Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, pp. 219–222. ACM Press, New York (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Karkkainen, L., Laarni, J.: Designing for Small Display Screens. In: Proceedings of the Second Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, pp. 227–230. ACM Press, New York (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bernard, M.L., Chaparro, B.S., Mills, M.M., Halcomb, C.G.: Examining Children’s Reading Performance and Preference for Different Computer-Displayed Text. Journal of Behaviour and Information Technology 21(2), 87–96 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bernard, M.L., Liao, C.H., Mills, M.M.: The Effects of Font Type and Size on the Legibility and Reading Time of Online Text by Older Adults. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2001, vol. II, pp. 175–176. ACM Press, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bernard, M.L., Chaparro, B.S., Mills, M.M., Halcomb, C.G.: Comparing the Effects of Text Size and Format on the Readability of Computer-Displayed Times New Roman and Arial Text. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 59, 823–835 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kang, Y., Wang, M.J., Lin, R.: Usability evaluation of E-books. Displays 30(2), 49–52 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Siegenthaler, E., Wurtz, P., Groner, R.: Improving the Usability of E-Book Readers. Journal of Usability Studies 6(1), 25–38 (2010)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ministry of Interior, Report of the Senior Citizen Condition Survey 2009, Republic of China (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wang-Chin Tsai
    • 1
  • Yi-Lin Ro
    • 1
  • Ya-Tzu Chang
    • 1
  • Chang-Franw Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of DesignNational Yunlin University of Science and TechnologyTouliuTaiwan, R.O.C.

Personalised recommendations