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Osteomyelitis in the Veterinary Species

  • Peter D. CleggEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Biofilms book series (BIOFILMS, volume 6)

Abstract

Osteomyelitis has been defined as an inflammatory process of bone that is accompanied by bone destruction, and is caused by infecting microorganisms. Osteomyelitis has a number of aetiologies in the veterinary species, but haematogenous, traumatic and iatrogenic causes are the most frequent. Osteomyelitis is frequently challenging to manage and treat, due to the ability of bacteria to evade and overcome both host defences and antimicrobial agents. Prior to availability of antimicrobial agents, bacterial osteomyelitis had a 50% mortality rate in man and whilst the prognosis has improved considerably with the advent of such drugs, treatment can often be extremely problematic. Treatment usually requires prolonged antibiosis frequently administered in conjunction with surgical debridement of the affected bone.

Keywords

Internal Fixation Septic Arthritis Chronic Osteomyelitis Orthopaedic Implant Bone Lysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Musculoskeletal BiologyUniversity of LiverpoolNestonUK

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