Advertisement

Binding Update Schemes for Inter-domain Mobility Management in Hierarchical Mobile IPv6: A Survey

  • Afshan Ahmed
  • Jawad Hassan
  • Mata-Ur-Rehman
  • Farrukh Aslam Khan
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 151)

Abstract

As the number of mobile users is increasing day by day, we need to pay attention to support mobility and its management. Mobile IP is used to maintain mobility information when a mobile user moves from one location to the other while its permanent address remains unchanged. Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) is introduced to overcome the problems of MIPv4 and bring improvements in the performance of the protocol. MIPv6 performs well for micro-mobility but suffers for macro-mobility. Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6) is developed to separate micro-mobility and macro-mobility. But HMIPv6 could not out-perform for macro-mobility when a mobile node moves from one MAP domain to the other. Many schemes are proposed to reduce handover latency and bring efficiency for macro-mobility, but still this problem affects the performance of HMIPv6. In this paper, we carry out a survey of different binding update schemes for inter-domain mobility management in HMIPv6. At the end, a detailed comparison is given for all the discussed schemes.

Keywords

Hierarchical Mobile IP Macro and Micro mobility Binding Update Cost 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Castellucca, C.: A Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 Proposal, INRIA Technical Report 226 (1998)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Perez-Costa, X., Torrent-Moreno, M., Hartenstein, H.: A performance Comparison of Mobile IPv6, Hierarchical Mobile IPv6, Fast Handovers for Mobile IPv6 and their Combination. ACM SIGMOBILE Mobile Computing and Communications (2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Perkins, C.: IP Mobility Support for IPv4, IETF RFC 3344 (2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lee, K., Lim, Y., Ahn, S.-J., Mun, Y.: A Macro Mobility Handover Performance Improvement Scheme for HMIPv6. In: Gavrilova, M.L., Gervasi, O., Kumar, V., Tan, C.J.K., Taniar, D., Laganá, A., Mun, Y., Choo, H. (eds.) ICCSA 2006. LNCS, vol. 3981, pp. 410–419. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Johnson, D., Perkins, C., Arkko, J.: Mobility Support in IPv6, IETF RFC 3775 (2004)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lee, J.-H., Han, Y.-J., Lim, H.-J., Chung, T.-M.: New Binding Update Method using GDMHA in Hierarchical Mobile IPv6. In: Gervasi, O., Gavrilova, M.L., Kumar, V., Laganá, A., Lee, H.P., Mun, Y., Taniar, D., Tan, C.J.K. (eds.) ICCSA 2005. LNCS, vol. 3480, pp. 146–155. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Soliman, H., Castelluccia, C., El Malki, K., Bellier, L.: Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 Mobility Management, IETF RFC RFC 4140 (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jeong, J., Chung, M.Y., Choo, H.: Improved Handoff Performance Based on Pre-binding Update in HMIPv6. In: Kim, Y.-T., Takano, M. (eds.) APNOMS 2006. LNCS, vol. 4238, pp. 525–529. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Oh, J., Mun, Y.: An Efficient Binding Update Scheme in HMIPv6. In: Gavrilova, M.L., Gervasi, O., Kumar, V., Tan, C.J.K., Taniar, D., Laganá, A., Mun, Y., Choo, H. (eds.) ICCSA 2006. LNCS, vol. 3981, pp. 471–479. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nada, F.: Performance Analysis of Mobile IPv4 and Mobile IPv6. The International Arab Journal of information Technology 4(2) (2007)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jeong, J., Chung, M.Y., Choo, H.: Cost-Reduced Inter-MAP Binding Update Scheme in Robust HMIPv6. In: Proc. of Third International Conference on Broadband Communications, Information Technology & Biomedical Applications, Gauteng (2008)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Han, Y., Min, S.: Performance Analysis of Hierarchical Mobile IPv6: Does it improve Mobile IPv6 in Terms of Handover Speed. Wireless Personal Communications 48, 463–483 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Soliman, H., Castelluccia, C., El Malki, K., Bellier, L.: Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6) Mobility Management, IETF RFC 5380 (2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nam, S., Hwang, H., Kim, J.: Fast Macro Handover in HMIPv6. In: 8th IEEE International Symposium on Network Computing and Applications, Cambridge, Massachusetts (2009)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yoo, H., Tolentino, R.S., Park, B., Chang, B., Kim, S.: ES-FHMIPv6, An Efficient Scheme for Fast Handover over HMIPv6 Networks. International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking 2(2) (2009)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lee, J., Han, Y., Gundavelli, S., Chung, T.: A comparative performance analysis on Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 and Proxy Mobile IPv6. Telecommunication Systems 41, 279–292 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Afshan Ahmed
    • 1
  • Jawad Hassan
    • 2
  • Mata-Ur-Rehman
    • 1
  • Farrukh Aslam Khan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer SciencesInternational Islamic UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Computer SciencesNational University of Computer and, Emerging SciencesIslamabadPakistan

Personalised recommendations