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Elastomer-Based Bio-Nanocomposites

  • Sudipta Chatterjee
  • Arup K. Chandra
  • Santanu ChattopadhyayEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 12)

Abstract

This chapter encompasses an overview of recent advances in the field of natural, synthetic and semi-synthetic elastomer based bio-nanocomposites. Several naturally occurring polymers are considerably elastomeric and biocompatible. Elastin and its various derivatives are essential component of mammalian bio-systems. Various soft to semi-soft tissues of animals containing collagens, elastin proteins or other extra-cellular materials are classic examples of natural elastomeric bionanocomposites. There have been needs for developing synthetic or semi-synthetic elastomeric bio-nanocomposites for replacement or regeneration of such soft or semi-soft tissues or organs. Most of the elastomeric biopolymers lack in mechanical properties. Various modified cellulose components derived from plants like, cellulose whiskers, micro-fibrillated cellulose in their nano-scale size have proven promising in improving thermal, mechanical and moisture absorption properties of the elastomeric biopolymers. Similarly, biocompatible and bio-inert particulate nano filler systems including hydroxyapatite, bio-glass, silicates or other minerals can be potential reinforcing units for synthetic or semi-synthetic bionanocomposites. Non-toxicity of these precursors is utmost important for their actual bio-medical applications. Several synthetic methodologies have been adopted for the preparation of other novel and or bio-mimetic elastomeric bio-nanocomposites. Biodegradable polyurethanes and polycaprolactones, when modified with chitin or chitosan based chain extenders form novel nanocomposites, having wide applications in the area of biomaterials. Various precise and sophisticated characterization techniques namely, NMR, TEM, SEM, CD-spectroscopy have been routinely employed to evaluate the structure-property correlation of these novel bio-nanocomposites. Research is progress throughout the globe for further improvement in properties of such materials and subsequently to figure out novel practical applications of these elastomeric bio-nanocomposites.

Keywords

Elastomer Nanocomposites Bio-nanocomposites Biocompatibility 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sudipta Chatterjee
    • 1
  • Arup K. Chandra
    • 2
  • Santanu Chattopadhyay
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Rubber Technology CentreIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia
  2. 2.R&D CentreApollo Tyres LtdVadodaraIndia

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