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Rubber Nanocomposites: Latest Trends and Concepts

  • Deepalekshmi PonnammaEmail author
  • Hanna J. Maria
  • Arup K. Chandra
  • Sabu Thomas
Chapter
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 12)

Abstract

Rubber nanocomposites have a unique position both in academic and industrial point of view and extensive research studies are progressing in this area. Due to their ever increasing significance, a thorough investigation is necessary especially when the application side is considered. The enhanced surface area and high aspect ratio of nano materials lead to superior matrix/filler interaction and this results in the versatile properties and wide range of applications for the obtained nanocomposites. Nano fillers like layered silicates, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), fullerenes, silica, metallic nanoparticles, metal oxides, polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS), biomaterials, nanodiamonds etc. are used extensively in rubber composites fabrication. In this chapter, attempt has been made to briefly explain the recent advances in the area of nanofillers and their rubber nanocomposites. A thorough survey has been made by giving special emphasis to the filler geometry and composite morphology on one side and the composite properties on the other. Finally the study ends up with novel applications of rubber nanocomposites and the future perspectives in this area.

Keywords

Elastomer Graphene Clay Carbon nanotubes Permeability Mechanical property 

Abbreviations

Af

Aspect ratio

AFM

Atomic force microscopy

CB

Carbon black

CNT

Carbon nanotube

CVD

Chemical vapor deposition

CRG or GE

Chemically reduced graphene

EG

Expanded graphite

GO

Graphene oxide

HR-TEM

High resolution-transmission electron microscopy

MMT

Montmorillonite

NR

Natural rubber (poly isoprene)

NBR

Nitrile–butadiene rubber

XNBR

Carboxylated nitrile–butadiene rubber

PDMS

Polydimethylsiloxane

RTVSR

Room temperature vulcanizing silicone rubber

RGO

Reduced graphene oxide

SWCNT

Single wall carbon nanotube

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SDS

Sodium dodecyl sulfonate

SR

Silicone rubber

SBR

Styrene–butadiene rubber

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

TRG

Thermally reduced graphene

TPU

Thermoplastic polyurethane

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the University Grants Commission and the Department of Atomic Energy Consortium for giving enough funding to carry out the research works on Carbon nanotube. Thanks are also due to Nanomission of DST, New Delhi for their support. We also acknowledge the financial support from the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology of the Republic of Slovenia through the contract No. 3211-10-000057 (Center of Excellence Polymer Materials and Technologies).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deepalekshmi Ponnamma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hanna J. Maria
    • 1
  • Arup K. Chandra
    • 3
  • Sabu Thomas
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Chemical SciencesMahatma Gandhi UniversityKottayamIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Nanoscience and NanotechnologyMahatma Gandhi UniversityKottayamIndia
  3. 3.R&D CentreApollo Tyres Ltd.VadodaraIndia

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