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Introduction

  • Karl SchmidEmail author
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Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

For a century, the on-going development of particle accelerators has been promoting many branches of fundamental and applied research. What began as a tool for nuclear and particle physics, has expanded its use into solid state physics as well as medicine, biology and even history [1]. As these lines are written, the superconducting magnets of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8] at the CERN laboratory are being cooled down to liquid Helium temperature and in a few months’ time, the largest collider ever built will commence operation. With its two counter-propagating proton beams having 7 TeV energy each, it is expected to shed new light on hot topics such as the fundamental origin of mass in form of the famous HIGGS Boson [9], dark energy and dark matter [10], the possible existence of small extra dimensions in space-time [11], and many more. However, looking at the tremendous scale of this project, it is valid to ask the question whether this collider will actually stay the largest collider ever built for many decades to come. With the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) [12, 13, 14, 15] in Texas, USA, having been cancelled in 1993 due to exploding cost-forecasts that saw the final price tag exceeding 12 billion USD, the only remaining accelerator project which is of comparable magnitude to the LHC is the International Linear Collider (ILC) [16, 17]. The latter will—if realized—consist of two linear accelerators, in head-on configuration, one accelerating electrons, the other one positrons. The entire structure will stretch over a length of 31 km and will be able to reach a particle energy of 500 GeV in each beam. With a projected total cost of 5 billion USD, it can only be realized by an international collaboration of several contributing countries.

Keywords

Large Hadron Collider Plasma Wave Electron Bunch International Linear Collider Electron Acceleration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg  2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für QuantenoptikGarchingGermany

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