CTC, Social Theory Oriented Urban Theory, and Planning

  • Juval PortugaliEmail author
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)


In previous chapters we’ve seen that there are several interesting resemblances between complexity theory and social theory and as a consequence between CTC and social theory oriented urban theory. We have further seen, however, that beyond the latter similarities, there is a fundamental difference between CTC and social theory oriented urban studies: The starting point of SMH and PPD urban theories is society at large when the city is perceived as a representation of the larger and more fundamental system – society. CTC as interpreted in this book, start from the nature of the city itself as a complex self-organizing system.


Planning System Complexity Theory Public Participation Planning Theory Communicative Planning 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. of Geography and the Human EnvironmentTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael

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