Effects of Ash Applications on Soil Status, Nutrition, and Growth of Pinus radiata D. Don Plantations

  • Beatriz OmilEmail author
  • Federico Sánchez-Rodríguez
  • Agustin Merino


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of multiple applications of biomass ash to acid soils. The study was carried out in two stands of Pinus radiata D. Don, aged 13 and 15 years, in the province of Lugo (northwest Spain). The soils in the stands were developed on lutites and migmatites. Experimental plots (each 1,225 m2) were established, and the experimental treatments were as follows: control (untreated), ash (addition of 4.5 Mg dry matter ha−1 year−1 in 2003, 2004, and 2005) and ash plus P (addition of ash plus phosphate fertilizer in 2003).

The ash was generated in a moving grate furnace, and had the following characteristics: pH 8.9–13.5, high concentrations of K, Ca, Mg, and P, and low N content and low concentration of heavy metals.

The responses of the forest stands, evaluated as the effects on forest nutrition and tree growth, were measured in 2005, 3 years after the initial treatment. The results showed that continuous fertilization with ash improved the nutritional status and growth of Pinus radiata D. Don stands, and resulted in increased contents of the main macronutrients in needles and soil.


Phosphate Fertilizer Pinus Radiata Foliar Concentration Nutrient Export Breast Diameter 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beatriz Omil
    • 1
    Email author
  • Federico Sánchez-Rodríguez
    • 1
  • Agustin Merino
    • 1
  1. 1.Forestry Faculty, Escuela Politécnica SuperiorUniversity of Santiago de CompostelaLugoSpain

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