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Mixtures of Bottom Wood Ash and Meat and Bone Meal as NPK Fertilizer

  • Trond Knapp HaraldsenEmail author
  • Per Anker Pedersen
  • Arne Grønlund
Chapter

Abstract

Bottom wood ash (BWA) contains high concentrations of Ca, Mg, K and P, whereas meat and bone meal (MBM) has been found to be a good N and P fertilizer. In a pot experiment on soils with low contents of readily available K and P, the effects of a mixture of MBM and BWA were compared with those of mineral NPK (21–4–10), MBM, MBM plus K and Mg mineral fertilizer, and MBM and different types of crushed K- or Mg-rich rock.

The mixture of MBM and BWA gave the highest yield of barley, at the same level as mineral for NPK, and significantly higher than for MBM alone. For the yield of spring wheat there was no significant difference between the treatments with BWA or other K-rich additives to MBM, MBM used alone and mineral NPK. Compared with the other treatments, the MBM and BWA mixture significantly increased the pH of the soils by 0.5 units. MBM plus BWA represents an interesting concept for development of recycled NPK fertilizer of organic origin.

Keywords

Barley Grain Unfertilized Control Barley Yield Ammonium Lactate Bioenergy Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The pot experiment was a part of a project supported by the programme “ORIO-Organic Waste Products and Recycling of Resources” and Norsk Protein AS (grant no. 403). Ellen Zakariassen is thanked for skilful technical assistance and experimental work. Additional analyses of ash and further work on the fertilizer concept were carried out as a part of WP 1.4 “Residues upgrading and use” in CenBio, Bioenergy Innovation Centre (http://www.cenbio.no), which is supported by the Research Council of Norway, Norsk Protein AS and Akershus Energi AS.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Trond Knapp Haraldsen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Per Anker Pedersen
    • 2
  • Arne Grønlund
    • 1
  1. 1.Soil and Environment DivisionNorwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental ResearchÅsNorway
  2. 2.Department of Plant and Environmental ScienceNorwegian University of Life SciencesÅsNorway

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