Nosokomiale Pneumonie und Langzeitbeatmung


Die nosokomiale Pneumonie wird in ihrer Häufigkeit und Konsequenz für den Patienten oft unterschätzt.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    American Thoracic Society (1996) Hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults: diagnosis, assessment of severity, initial antimicrobial therapy, and preventive strategies. A consensus statement, American Thoracic Society, November 1995. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 153(5): 1711–1725Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barie PS (2000) Importance, morbidity, and mortality of pneumonia in the surgical intensive care unit. Am J Surg 179(2 Suppl 1): 2–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dal Nogare AR et al. (1994) Nosocomial pneumonia in the medical and surgical patient. Risk factors and primary management. Med Clin North Am 78(5):1081–1090Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    George DL et al. (1998) Epidemiology of ventilatoracquired pneumonia based on protected bronchoscopic sampling. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 158(6): 1839–1847PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kampf G et al. (1998) Prevalence and risk factors for nosocomial lower respiratory tract infections in German hospitals. J Clin Epidemiol 51(6): 495–502PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Luna CM et al. (1997) Impact of BAL data on the therapy and outcome of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Chest 111(3): 676–685PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS)(1999) System report, data summary from january 1990-may 1999, issued june 1999. Am J Infect Control 27: 520–532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    N.N. (1992) Public health focus: surveillance, prevention, and control of nosocomial infections. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 23;41(42):783–787Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Richardson CJ et al. (2000) Identification of patients at highest risk for ventilator-associated pneumonia in the surgical intensive care unit. Am J Surg 179(2A Suppl): 8–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ruden H et al. (1996) Nosokomiale Infektionen in Deutschland, Epidemiologie in den alten und neuen Bundesländern. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 121(42): 1281–1287PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ruiz M et al. (2000) Noninvasive versus invasive microbial investigation in ventilator-associated pneumonia: evaluation of outcome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 162(1): 119–125PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Steinbrecher E et al. (2000) Die häufigsten Erreger bei Intensivpatienten mit nosokomialen Infektionen. Chemotherapie 9: 179–183Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Vincent JL et al. (1995) The prevalence of nosocomial infection in intensive care units in Europe. Results of the European Prevalence of Infection in Intensive Care (EPIC) Study. EPIC International Advisory Committee. JAMA 274(8): 639–644PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Vogel F et al.: Rationale Therapie bakterieller Atemwegsinfektionen. Chemotherapie J 2000, 1: 3–23Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Rank

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations