Early Algebraization pp 109-124 | Cite as

*Shiki*: A Critical Foundation for School Algebra in Japanese Elementary School Mathematics

Chapter

## Abstract

An analysis of the Japanese elementary school (Grades 1 through 6) mathematics curriculum materials reveals that the study of functional relationships (patterns) is a major emphasis in Japan, as is the case in curricula from other countries. However, the Japanese curriculum considers the ideas related to mathematical expressions, called “shiki” in Japanese, as the second pillar of elementary school algebra. This chapter elaborates how a Japanese textbook series attempts to realize this emphasis on writing and interpreting mathematical expressions.

## Keywords

Elementary School Mathematic Educator Mathematical Expression Early Grade Algebraic Thinking
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