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Heavy Metals in Antarctic and Greenland Snow and Ice Cores: Man Induced Changes During the Last Millennia and Natural Variations During the Last Climatic Cycles

  • Claude BoutronEmail author
  • Carlo Barbante
  • Sungmin Hong
  • Kevin Rosman
  • Michael Bolshov
  • Freddy Adams
  • Paolo Gabrielli
  • John Plane
  • Soon-Do Hur
  • Christophe Ferrari
  • Paolo Cescon
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, we give an overview of some of the most interesting results which have been obtained by studying the changing occurrence of heavy metals in Antarctic and Greenland snow and ice cores. After recalling the pioneering role of Clair Patterson in this field, we describe first briefly the conditions which must be fulfilled to obtain fully reliable data, especially regarding the cleanliness of the samples and the use of specially designed clean laboratories. We present then some of the most interesting data which have been obtained on man induced changes during the past millennia/centuries. They show clear evidence of a global pollution of the atmosphere of our planet for heavy metals, which can be detected even in the most remote areas of the Southern Hemisphere and can be traced back to Roman times in the Northern Hemisphere. Finally, we present some recent data on past natural changes in heavy metals in ice dated back to 670 kyr BP, with pronounced variations during the successive interglacial/glacial climatic cycles.

Keywords

Heavy Metal Glacial Maximum Interglacial Period Soil Dust Climatic Cycle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claude Boutron
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carlo Barbante
    • 2
  • Sungmin Hong
    • 3
  • Kevin Rosman
    • 4
  • Michael Bolshov
    • 5
  • Freddy Adams
    • 6
  • Paolo Gabrielli
    • 2
    • 7
  • John Plane
    • 8
  • Soon-Do Hur
    • 3
  • Christophe Ferrari
    • 1
  • Paolo Cescon
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l’EnvironnementUniversity Josef Fourier GrenobleSaint Martin d’ HèresFrance
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze AmbientaliUniversita Ca’ Foscari di VeneziaVeneziaItaly
  3. 3.Korea Polar Research InstituteSongdo-dong, IncheonSouth Korea
  4. 4.Department of Imaging and Applied PhysicsCurtin University of TechnologyPerthAustralia
  5. 5.Institute of SpectroscopyRussia Academy of SciencesTroitzkRussia
  6. 6.Department of ChemistryUniversity of AntwerpenWilrijkBelgium
  7. 7.Byrd Polar Research CenterOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  8. 8.School of ChemistryUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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