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Polyfluorinated Compounds in the Coastal and Marine Atmosphere

  • Annika JahnkeEmail author
  • Ralf Ebinghaus
Chapter
  • 905 Downloads

Abstract

Per- and polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs) comprise a large group of chemicals, consisting of a hydrophobic alkyl chain and usually possessing a hydrophilic functional group. The alkyl chain is partly or fully fluorinated and typically contains between 4 and 18 carbon atoms (De Voogt and Saez 2006). Therefore, PFCs are both oleophobic and hydrophobic and form strong surfactants. PFCs comprise ionic compounds like perfluoroalkyl sulfonates (including perfluorooctane sulfonate, PFOS) and perfluoroalkyl carboxylates (PFCAs including perfluorooctanoate, PFOA, Table 11.1) as well as neutral, volatile PFCs like fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs), N-alkylated fluorooctane sulfonamides (FOSAs) and sulfonamidoethanols (FOSEs, Table 11.2).

Keywords

Sample ANT1 African West Coast Fluorotelomer Alcohol Sewage Treatment Plant Sludge Sample Abbreviation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Chemistry, Helmholtz-Zentrum GeesthachtInstitute of Coastal ResearchGeesthachtGermany
  2. 2.Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry UnitStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden

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