Determination of Atmospheric Volatile and Semi-volatile Compounds

  • Ravindra KhaiwalEmail author


Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are normally present in the vapor phase at room temperature (vapor pressure greater than 0.1 mmHg [0.0133 kPa] at 25°C). Compounds less volatile are known as semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs). SVOCs may be present in the atmosphere in the vapor phase, but are more normally associated with aerosol, either as dusts or liquid droplets (Lodge 1991; Kouimtzis and Samara 1995; Harper 2000). There is growing concern over the VOCs/SVOCs present in the atmosphere. Some of them play a major role in defining atmospheric chemistry and processes. Several short chain hydrocarbons affect the formation of ozone and other photochemical oxidants. Other VOCs/SVOCs play a role in stratospheric ozone depletion, tropospheric photochemical ozone formation and enhancement of the “greenhouse effect.” Further, many of VOCs/SVOCs are known for their carcinogenic and mutagenic properties (Ravindra et al. 2001, 2008a). The World Health Organization has estimated that urban air pollution contributes each year to approximately 800,000 death and 4.6 million lost life-years worldwide (World Health Organization 2002). These consequences require a priority to identify and chemically characterize the atmospheric pollutants and especially those attached to the fine and ultra fine fraction of airborne particles (Ravindra et al. 2008b). This will help us to understand their possible implications for human health and also their environmental distribution and fate.


High Performance Liquid Chromatography Supercritical Fluid Supercritical Fluid Extraction Microwave Assisted Extraction Pressurize Liquid Extraction 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Atmospheric and Instrumentation Research (CAIR)University of HertfordshireHatfieldUK

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