Advertisement

Surface Potential Studies of Human Hair Using Kelvin Probe Microscopy

  • Bharat Bhushan
Chapter
Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)

Abstract

It is obvious that during combing and running the hands through one’s hair, physical damage is likely to occur. These actions also tend to create an electrostatic charge on the hair, and it is of interest whether or not the physical wear and the electrostatic charge are related, or if charge has been created by other mechanism. The presence of this static charge in the real world is a major problem concerning hair manageability, flyaway behavior, feel, and appearance so understanding the mechanisms behind charge buildup, and how to control it, is a focal point in designing effective hair care products such as conditioner.

Keywords

Normal Load Hair Sample Human Hair Electrostatic Charge Charge Mobility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Lodge RA, Bhushan B (2007a) Effect of physical wear and triboelectric interaction on surface charges measured by Kelvin probe microscopy. J Colloid Interface Sci 310:321–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Lodge RA, Bhushan B (2007b) Surface potential measurement of human hair using Kelvin probe microscopy. J Vac Sci Technol A 25:893–902CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Jachowicz J, Wis-Surel G, Garcia ML (1985) Relationship between triboelectric charging and surface modifications of human hair. J Soc Cosmet Chem 36:189–212Google Scholar
  4. Lunn AC, Evans RE (1977) The electrostatic properties of human hair. J Soc Cosmet Chem 28:549–569Google Scholar
  5. Mills CM, Ester VC, Henkin H (1956) Measurement of static charge on hair. J Soc Cosmet Chem 7:466–475Google Scholar
  6. LaTorre C, Bhushan B (2006) Investigation of scale effects and directionality dependence on adhesion and friction of human hair using AFM and macroscale friction test apparatus. Ultramicroscopy 106:720–734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lodge RA, Bhushan B (2006a) Surface characterization of human hair using tapping mode atomic force microscopy and measurement of conditioner thickness distribution. J Vac Sci Technol A 24:1258–1269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Seshadri IP, Bhushan B (2008c) Effect of rubbing and load on nanoscale charging characteristics of human hair characterized by AFM based Kelvin probe. J Colloid Interf Sci 325:580–587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kamath YK, Weigman HD (1986) Measurement of combing forces. J Soc Cosmet Chem 37:111–116Google Scholar
  10. Mascarenhas S (1980)Bioelectrets: electrets in biomaterials and biopolymers. In: Sessler GM (ed) Electrets, topics in applied physics, vol 33. Springer, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  11. Jachowicz J, Wis-Surel G, Wolfram LJ (1984) Directional triboelectric effect in keratin fibers. Text Res J 54:492–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Feughelman A, Lymanb D, Menefee E,Willis B (2003) The orientation of the α-helices in α-keratin fibres. Intl J Biol Macromol 33:149–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fukada E (1992) Bio-electrets and bio-piezoelectricity. IEEE Trans Elec Insul 27:813–819CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. LaTorre C, Bhushan B (2005a) Nanotribological characterization of human hair and skin using atomic force microscopy. Ultramicroscopy 105:155–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. LaTorre C, Bhushan B (2005b) Nanotribological effects of hair care products and environment on human hair using atomic force microscopy. J Vac Sci Technol A 23:1034–1045CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. Hersh SP, Grady PL, Bhat GR (1981) Effect of internal and external tensides on the electrical properties of plymeric surface. Pure Appl Chem 53:2123–2134CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- and Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB2)Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

Personalised recommendations