Enriching Spatial Knowledge through a Multiattribute Locational System
- 1.5k Downloads
Research has demonstrated that current navigation systems, while useful as a wayfinding tool, do not support the acquisition of spatial knowledge of the environment. In contrast to portable navigation devices, participants in this study learned about the location of lesser known campus libraries through a desktop system, which presented yoked images, maps and verbal directions to the participants. Information included not only the location of the building that housed the library, but also internal directions within the building to the library itself. The results showed that confidence to find the library by memory was notably improved by use of the system. Finally, the role of images was examined by selectively removing images from a random subset of the libraries, which resulted in marked decrease in confidence.
KeywordsSpatial Knowledge Verbal Direction Instructional Unit Route Description Navigation Group
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Tversky, B.: Cognitive Maps, Cognitive Collages, and Spatial Mental Models. In: Campari, I., Frank, A.U. (eds.) COSIT 1993. LNCS, vol. 716. Springer, Heidelberg (1993)Google Scholar
- 4.Chen, B., Neubert, B., Ofek, E., Deussen, O., Cohen, M.F.: Integrated videos and maps for driving directions. In: 22nd Annual ACM Symposium on User interface Software and Technology, Victoria, BC, Canada, pp. 223–232 (2009)Google Scholar
- 8.Klippel, A., Hirtle, S.C., Davies, C.: You-are-here maps: Creating Spatial Awareness through Map-Like Representations. Spatial Cognition and Computation 10, 82–93 (2010)Google Scholar
- 9.Ellard, C.: You Are Here: Why We Can Find Our Way to the Moon, But Get Lost in the Mall. Doubleday, New York (2009)Google Scholar
- 13.Masui, T., Minakuchi, M., Borden, G.R., Kashiwagi, K.: Multiple-View Approach for Smooth Information Retrieval. In: ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, Pittsburgh, PA (1995)Google Scholar
- 16.Golledge, R.G.: Wayfinding Behavior: Cognitive Mapping and Other Spatial Processes. Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore (1999)Google Scholar
- 18.Dale, R., Geldof, S., Prost, J.-P.: Generating More Natural Route Descriptions. In: 2002 Australasian Natural Language Processing Workshop, Canberra, Australia (2002)Google Scholar
- 19.Winter, S., Raubal, M., Nothegger, C.: Focalizing Measures of Salience for Route Directions. In: Meng, L., Zipf, A., Reichenbacher, T. (eds.) Map-Based Mobile Services - Theories, Methods and Design Implementations, pp. 127–142. Springer Geosciences, Berlin (2004)Google Scholar
- 20.Tufte, E.R.: Visual Explanation. Graphics Press, Cheshire (1997)Google Scholar
- 21.Bell, M., Reeves, S., Brown, B., Sherwood, S., MacMillan, D., Ferguson, J., Chalmers, M.: Eyespy: Supporting Navigation Through Play. ACM SIGCHI, 123–132 (2009)Google Scholar
- 22.Borgmann, A.: Holding on to Reality: The Nature of Information at the Turn of the Millennium. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1999)Google Scholar