Causality Inversion in the Reproduction of Roughness
When a finger scans a non-smooth surface, a sensation of roughness is experienced. A similar sensation is felt when a finger is in contact with a mobile surface vibrating in the tangential direction. Since an actual finger-surface interaction results in a varying friction force, how can a measured friction force can be converted into skin relative displacement. With a bidirectional apparatus that can measure this force and transform it into displacement with unambiguous causality, such mapping could be experimentally established. A pilot study showed that a subjectively equivalent sensation of roughness can be achieved betweem a fixed real surface and a vibrated mobile surface.
KeywordsRoughness simulation Haptic devices Virtual reality
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