Concurrent Covert Communication Channels

  • Md Amiruzzaman
  • Hassan Peyravi
  • M. Abdullah-Al-Wadud
  • Yoojin Chung
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6059)


This paper introduces a new steganographic technique in which a set of concurrent hidden channels are established between a sender and multiple receivers. Each channel is protected by a separate key. The method can work with JPEG blocks in which an 8×8 block is divided into four non-overlapping sets, each consisting a covert channel that hides a single bit of information. A receiver can decode its independent hidden data using its dedicated key. The distortion of the covert channel data is controlled by minimizing the round-off error of the JPEG image. The method tries to keep the coefficients of the original histogram intact while carrying hidden bits. The method is immune against first order statistical detection.


Covert Channel Concurrent channel steganography JPEG 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Curran, K., Cheddad, A., Condell, J., McKevitt, P.: Digital image steganography: Survey and analysis of current methods. Signal Processing 90(3), 727–752 (2010)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Böhme, R., Westfeld, A.: Breaking cauchy model-based JPEG steganography with first order statistics. In: Samarati, P., Ryan, P.Y.A., Gollmann, D., Molva, R. (eds.) ESORICS 2004. LNCS, vol. 3193, pp. 125–140. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fridrich, J., Goljan, M., Hogea, D.: Attacking the outguess. In: ACM Workshop on Multimedia and Security, Juan-les-Pins, France (December 2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fridrich, J.J., Goljan, M., Hogea, D.: Steganalysis of JPEG images: Breaking the F5 algorithm. In: Petitcolas, F.A.P. (ed.) IH 2002. LNCS, vol. 2578, pp. 310–323. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fridrich, J.J., Goljan, M., Soukal, D.: Perturbed quantization steganography with wet paper codes. In: Dittmann, J., Fridrich, J.J. (eds.) MM&Sec, pp. 4–15. ACM, New York (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kim, Y., Duric, Z., Richards, D.: Modified matrix encoding technique for minimal distortion steganography. In: Camenisch, J.L., Collberg, C.S., Johnson, N.F., Sallee, P. (eds.) IH 2006. LNCS, vol. 4437, pp. 314–327. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Provos, N.: Defending against statistical steganalysis. In: USENIX (ed.) Proceedings of the Tenth USENIX Security Symposium, Washington, DC, USA, August 13–17. USENIX (2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Provos, N., Honeyman, P.: Detecting steganographic content on the internet. Technical report, ISOC NDSS 2002 (2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sallee, P.: Model-based steganography. In: Kalker, T., Cox, I., Ro, Y.M. (eds.) IWDW 2003. LNCS, vol. 2939, pp. 154–167. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sallee, P.: Model-based methods for steganography and steganalysis. Int. J. Image Graphics 5(1), 167–190 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Wallace, G.K.: The JPEG still picture compression standard. IEEE Transaction on Consumer Electronics 38(1), 18–34 (1992)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Westfeld, A.: F5 — A steganographic algorithm. In: Moskowitz, I.S. (ed.) IH 2001. LNCS, vol. 2137, pp. 289–302. Springer, Heidelberg (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Westfeld, A.: Detecting low embedding rates. In: Petitcolas, F.A.P. (ed.) IH 2002. LNCS, vol. 2578, pp. 324–339. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Westfeld, A., Pfitzmann, A.: Attacks on steganographic systems. In: Pfitzmann, A. (ed.) IH 1999. LNCS, vol. 1768, pp. 61–76. Springer, Heidelberg (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md Amiruzzaman
    • 1
  • Hassan Peyravi
    • 1
  • M. Abdullah-Al-Wadud
    • 2
  • Yoojin Chung
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceKent State UniversityKentUSA
  2. 2.Department of Industrial and Management EngineeringHankuk University of Foreign StudiesKyonggiSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Computer ScienceHankuk University of Foreign StudiesKyonggiSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations