Basic balances and stability
Large-scale motions of the atmosphere can be viewed in a balanced state in an approximate sense. The primary balances of the atmosphere are hydrostatic balance and geostrophic balance. In this chapter the basic properties of these balances are summarized and their stabilities examined.
KeywordsAngular Momentum Potential Temperature Buoyancy Force Balance State Potential Vorticity
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References and suggested reading
- Chandrasekhar, S., 1961: Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic Stability. Oxford University Press, New York, 654 pp.Google Scholar
- Charney, J.G., 1973: Planetary fluid dynamics. In: P.Morel (ed.), Dynamical Meteorology. Reidel, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 97–351.Google Scholar
- Drazin, P.G. and Reid, W.H., 1981: Hydrodynamic Stability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 527 pp.Google Scholar
- Lindzen, R. S., 1990: Dynamics in Atmospheric Physics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 310 pp.Google Scholar