Basic balances and stability

  • Masaki Satoh
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)


Large-scale motions of the atmosphere can be viewed in a balanced state in an approximate sense. The primary balances of the atmosphere are hydrostatic balance and geostrophic balance. In this chapter the basic properties of these balances are summarized and their stabilities examined.


Angular Momentum Potential Temperature Buoyancy Force Balance State Potential Vorticity 
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References and suggested reading

  1. Chandrasekhar, S., 1961: Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic Stability. Oxford University Press, New York, 654 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Charney, J.G., 1973: Planetary fluid dynamics. In: P.Morel (ed.), Dynamical Meteorology. Reidel, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 97–351.Google Scholar
  3. Drazin, P.G. and Reid, W.H., 1981: Hydrodynamic Stability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 527 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Lindzen, R. S., 1990: Dynamics in Atmospheric Physics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 310 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masaki Satoh
    • 1
  1. 1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research InstituteThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan

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