Many characteristics of atmospheric general circulation, particularly mid-latitude circulation, are described by the equations for dry air, where air that contains no water vapor is referred to as dry air. This chapter summarizes the basic physical properties of dry air. Most of the contents in this chapter are general characteristics of fluid dynamics, and are not necessarily specific to atmospheric motions. However, the basic equations described in this chapter are frequently invoked for consideration of atmospheric circulations, and are used in the following chapters.
KeywordsAngular Momentum Potential Temperature Potential Vorticity Inertial Frame Thermodynamic Variable
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References and suggested reading
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- Pedlosky, J., 1987: Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, 2nd ed. Springer-Verlag, New York, 710 pp.Google Scholar
- Salmon, R., 1998: Lectures on Geophysical Fluid Dynamics. Oxford University Press, New York, 378 pp.Google Scholar