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Engineering Advantages, Challenges and Status of Sugarcane and other Sugar-Based Biomass Resources

  • Ricardo A. DanteEmail author
  • Plinio T. Cristofoletti
  • Isabel R. Gerhardt
Chapter
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 66)

Abstract

Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is a highly productive tropical stem crop that has been cultivated for its high sugar content for hundreds of years. In recent times, sugarcane has been the focus of several programs aiming at the production of fuel ethanol. Compared to starch-based sources such as corn, production of ethanol from sugarcane has obvious advantages due to the amount of photosynthate accumulated during the crop cycle and the low production costs of sugarcane. The rise of cellulosic ethanol technologies will allow the conversion of part of the sugarcane lignocellulosic materials into ethanol, thus maximizing the utilization of this crop as a biofuel feedstock. Despite the rapid progress made in recent years, breeding and biotechnology have been hampered by the complex nature of sugarcane genetics and physiology. Biotechnology and marker-assisted breeding have great potential for generating cultivars and optimizing the utilization of sugarcane sucrose and lignocellulosic materials as a source of fuel ethanol. Other sugar-producing plants, such as sweet sorghum and sugar beet, are also potential biofuel sources, especially in water-limited and temperate areas, respectively, where sugarcane cultivation is not economically viable.

Keywords

Quantitative Trait Locus Sugar Beet Ethanol Production Corn Stover Sweet Sorghum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We wish to thank several colleagues at Monsanto who made helpful contributions to the content or editing of this review.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo A. Dante
    • 1
    Email author
  • Plinio T. Cristofoletti
    • 1
  • Isabel R. Gerhardt
    • 2
  1. 1.Canavialis e AlellyxCampinasBrazil
  2. 2.Embrapa FlorestasColomboBrazil

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