Gene Flow in Genetically Engineered Perennial Grasses: Lessons for Modification of Dedicated Bioenergy Crops

  • Albert P. KauschEmail author
  • Joel Hague
  • Melvin Oliver
  • Lidia S. Watrud
  • Carol Mallory-Smith
  • Virgil Meier
  • C. Neal StewartJr
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 66)


This chapter was initiated from a symposium and workshop on the scientific advances, issues and bioethics of gene confinement in genetically modified grasses conducted on 13–14 May 2005 at Yale University in New Haven, CT. Genetic modification of dedicated bioenergy crops such as switchgrass will play a major role in crop improvement for a wide range of beneficial traits specific to biofuels. One obstacle that arises regarding transgenic improvement of perennials used for biofuels is the propensity of these plants to be open pollinated, with the undesirable capacity of outcrossing to non-transgenic and wild relative species. We examine previous work on pollen-mediated and seed-mediated gene flow of genetically modified grasses, in particular herbicide resistant traits, relevant to gene flow in grasses providing a perspective on the implementation of this technology for improvement of perennial bioenergy crops.


Gene Flow Control District Genetically Engineer Crop Colonial Bentgrass Transgenic Switchgrass 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Mention of trade names does not imply endorsement of the commercial products that are mentioned nor do the views expressed herein necessarily reflect the views of USDA or USEPA.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albert P. Kausch
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joel Hague
    • 1
  • Melvin Oliver
    • 2
  • Lidia S. Watrud
    • 3
  • Carol Mallory-Smith
    • 4
  • Virgil Meier
    • 5
  • C. Neal StewartJr
    • 6
  1. 1.University of Rhode IslandWest KingstonUSA
  2. 2.USDA-ARS Plant Genetics UnitUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  3. 3.US Environmental Protection AgencyUS EPA NHEERL WEDCorvallisUSA
  4. 4.Oregon State University Department of Crop and Soil ScienceOregon State University CorvallisCorvallisUSA
  5. 5.USDA APHISBiotechnology Regulatory ServicesRiverdaleUSA
  6. 6.Racheff Chair of Excellence in Plant Molecular GeneticsUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

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