The Astromineralogy of Interplanetary Dust Particles

  • J. BradleyEmail author
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 815)


Some chondritic interplanetary dust particles (IDPs) collected in the stratosphere are from comets. Because comets accreted at heliocentric distances beyond the giant planets, presolar grains or “astrominerals” with solar and non-solar isotopic compositions are expected to be even more abundant in cometary IDPs than in primitive meteorites. Non-solar D/H and 15N/14N isotopic enrichments in chondritic IDPs are associated with a carbonaceous carrier. These H and N enrichments are attributed to extreme mass fractionation during chemical reactions in cold (10–100 K), dense interstellar molecular clouds. Enstatite (MgSiO3) and forsterite (Mg2SiO4) crystals in IDPs are physically and compositionally similar to enstatite and forsterite grains detected around young and old stars by the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO), and large non-solar oxygen isotopic compositions recently measured in some IDP silicates establish that they are presolar silicates. The compositions, mineralogy, and optical properties of a class of grains in IDPs, known as GEMS, are consistent with those of interstellar “amorphous silicates”. Non-solar isotopic compositions measured in several GEMS confirm that they are interstellar silicate grains, one of the fundamental building blocks of solar systems. Submicrometer FeNi sulfide astrominerals like those found in IDPs may be responsible for a broad ~23.5 μm feature observed around protostars and protoplanetary discs by ISO. The first sample of a known comet (81P/Wild 2) was returned to Earth in 2006 by the Stardust mission. Contrary to expectations, the “Wild 2” sample does not resemble “cometary” IDPs and it does not contain abundant astromaterials. Instead, this particular Kuiper Belt comet resembles chondritic meteorites from the asteroid belt, which reinforces the astrophysical significance of IDPs as perhaps the most cosmically primitive materials available for laboratory investigations.


Molecular Cloud Solar Nebula Carbonaceous Chondrite Kuiper Belt Infrared Space Observatory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research is supported by NASA grants NAG5-7450 and NAG5-9797.


  1. 1.
    Wetherill, G.W., Chapman, C.R.: Asteroids and meteorites. In: Kerridge, J.F., Matthews, M.S. (eds.) Meteorites and the Early Solar System, pp. 35–70. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ (1988)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bernatowicz, T.J., Walker, R.M.: Phys. Today 50, 26 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bradley, J.P., Sandford, S., Walker, R.M.: Interplanetary dust particles. In: Kerridge, J., Mathews, M.S. (eds.) Meteorites and the Early Solar System, pp. 861–895. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ (1988)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hoppe, P., Zinner, E.: J. Geophys. Res. 105(10), 371 (2000)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Andersen, A.C., Jäger, J., Mutschke, H., Braatz, A., Clément, D., Henning, Th., Jorgensen, U.G., Ott, U.: Astron. Astrophys. 343, 933 (1999)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mutschke, H., Anderson, A.C., Clément, D., Henning, Th.: Astron. Astrophys. 345, 187 (1999)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    von Helden, G., Tielens, A.G.G.M., van Heijnsbergen, D., et al: Science 288, 313 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Anders, E., Zinner, E.: Meteoritics 28, 490 (1993)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mathis, J.S.: Rep. Prog. Phys. 56, 605 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bradley, J.P.: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 52, 889 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Messenger, S.: Nature 404, 968 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Schramm, L.S., Brownlee, D.E., Wheelock, M.M.: Meteoritics 24, 99 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Arndt, P., Bohsung, J., Maetz, M., Jessberger, E.K.: Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 31, 817 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Greenberg, J.M.: What are comets made of? In: Wilkening, L.L. (ed.) Comets, pp. 131–162. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ (1982)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wooden, D.H., Harker, D.E., Woodward, C.E., Butner, H.M., Koike, C., Witteborn, F.C., McMurty, C.W.: Astrophys. J. 517, 1034 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Clemett, S.J., Maechling, C.R., Zare, R.N., Swan, P.D., Walker, R.M.: Science 262, 721 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Engrand, C., McKeegan, K.D., Leshin, L.A., Bradley, J.P., Brownlee, D.E.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXX, 1690–1691 (1999)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Messenger, S., Keller, L.P., Walker, R.M.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXIII, 1887 (2002)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Floss, C., Stadermann, J.J., Bradley, J.P., Dai, Z.R., Bajt, S., Graham, G., Scott, L.A.: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 70, 2371 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Nguyen, A., Busemann, H., Nittler, L.R.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXVIII, 2332 (2007)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Messenger, S., Keller, L.P., Nakamura-Messenger, K.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXVIII, 2122 (2007)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bradley, J.P., Ishii, H.A.: Astron. Astrophys. 486, 781 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Brownlee, D.E., Joswiak, D.J., Schlutter, D.J., Pepin, R.O., Bradley, J.P., Love, S.G.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXVI, 183 (1995)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Flynn, G.J.: Sources of \(10\,\upmu\mathrm{m}\) interplanetary dust: possible importance of the Kuiper belt. In: Gustavson, B.Å.S., Hanner, M.S. (eds.) Physics, Chemistry, and Dynamics of Interplanetary Dust. ASP Conference Series, vol. 104, pp. 274–282. ASP, San Francisco, CA (1996)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Liou, J.C., Zook, H.A.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXVII, 763 (1996)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bradley, J.P., Brownlee, D.E., Fraundorf, P.: Science 226, 1432 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sandford, S.A., Bradley, J.P.: Icarus 82, 146 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Bradley, J.P., Brownlee, D.E.: Science 251, 549 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bradley, J.P., Brownlee, D.E.: Science 231, 1542 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bradley, J.P., Keller, L.P., Thomas, K.L., VanderWood, T.B., Brownlee, D.E.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXIV, 173 (1993)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Brownlee, D.E., Joswiak, D.J., Bradley, J.P., Gezo, J.C., Hill, H.G.M.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXI, 1921 (2000)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zolensky, M.E., Wilson, T.L., Rietmeijer, F.J.M., Flynn, G.J. (eds.): Analysis of Interplanetary Dust. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 310, p. 357. American Institute of Physics, New York, NY (1994)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Zolensky, M.E., Pieters, C., Clark, B., Papike, J.J.: Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 35, 9 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Grün, E., Gustavson, B.Å.S., Dermott, S.F., Fechtig, H. (eds.): Interplanetary Dust, p. 804. Springer, New York, NY (2000)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Sutton, S.R., Flynn, G.J., Rivers, M., Eng, P., Newville, M., Shea-McCarthy, G., Lanzirotti, A.: Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 34, A113 (1999)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Flynn, G.J., Keller, L.P., Jacobsen, C., Wirick, S.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXI, LPI Houston CD-ROM, Abstract #1904 (2000)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Flynn, G.J., Keller, L.P., Jacobsen, C., Wirick, S.: Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 34, A36 (1999)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Keller, L.P., Messenger, S., Bradley, J.P.: J. Geophys. Res. 165, 10397 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Bradley, J.P., Ireland, T.: The search for interstellar components in interplanetary dust particles. In: Gustavson, B.Å.S., Hanner, M.S. (eds.) Physics, Chemistry, and Dynamics of Interplanetary Dust, ASP Conference Series, vol. 104, pp. 274–282. ASP, San Francisco, CA (1996)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Sandford, S.A., Walker, R.M.: Astrophys. J. 291, 838 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Bradley, J.P., Humecki, H., Germani, M.S.: Astrophys. J. 394, 643 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Bradley, J.P., Keller, L.P., Brownlee, D.E., Thomas, K.L.: Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 31, 394 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Gezo, J.C., Bradley, J.P., Brownlee, D.E., Kaleida, K., Keller, L.P.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXX1, 1816 (2000)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Bradley, J.P., Keller, L.P., Snow, T.P., Hanner, M.S., Flynn, G.J., Gezo, J.C., Clemett, S.J., Brownlee, D.E., Bowey, J.E.: Science 285, 1716 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Rietmeijer, F.J.M.: Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 31, 278 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Keller, L.P., Thomas, K.L., McKay, D.S.: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 56, 1409 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Binzel, R.P.: Icarus 99, 238 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Thomas, K.L., Blanford, G.E., Keller, L.P., Klöck, W., McKay, D.S.: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 57, 1551 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Messenger, S., Walker, R.M.: Evidence for molecular cloud material in meteorites and interplanetary dust. In: Astrophysical Implications of the Laboratory Study of Presolar Materials, pp. 545–564. American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, NY (1997)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Anders, E., Zinner, E.: Meteoritics 28, 490 (1993)Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Daulton, T.L., Eisenhour, D.D., Bernatowicz, T.J., Lewis, R.S., Buseck, P.R.: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 60, 4853 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Thomas, K.L., Blanford, G.E., Clemett, S.J., McKay, D.S., Messenger, S., Zare, R.N.: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 59, 2797 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Whittet, D.C.B.: Dust in the Galactic Environment. Institute of Physics, New York, NY (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Hendecourt, L., Joblin, C., Jones, A. (eds.): Solid Interstellar Matter: The ISO Revolution, p. 315. Les Houches No 11, EDP Sciences, Les Ullis (1999)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Waters, L.B.F.M., Molster, F.J., de Jong, T., et al.: Astron. Astrophy\s. 315, L361 (1996)Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Molster, F.J.: Crystalline silicates in circumstellar dust shells. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Amsterdam (2000)Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Werner, M., Giovanni, F., Rieke, G., Roellig, T., Watson, D.M.: Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 44, 269 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Hanner, M.S., Gehrz, R.D., Harker, D.E., Hayward, T.L., Lynch, D.K., Mason, C.C., Russell, R.W., Williams, D.M., Wooden, D.H., Woodward, C.E.: Earth Moon Planets 79, 247 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Crovisier, J., Leech, K., Bockelee-Morvan, D., Brooke, T.Y., Hanner, M.S., Altieri, B., Keller, H.U., Lellouch, E.: Science 275, 1904 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Steele, I.M.: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 50, 1379 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Steele, I.M.: Am. Mineral. 71, 966 (1986)Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Jones, R.H., Saxton, J.M., Lyon, I.C., Turner, G.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXIX, 1795 (1988)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Bradley, J.P.: Mg-rich olivine and pyroxene grains in primitive meteoritic materials: comparison with crystalline silicate data from ISO. In: d’Hendecourt, L., Joblin, C., Jones, A. (eds.) Solid Interstellar Matter: The ISO Revolution, pp. 297–315. Les Houches No 11, EDP Sciences, Les Ullis (1999)Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Zolensky, M.E., Barrett, R.: Olivine and pyroxene compositions of chondritic interplanetary dust particles. In: Zolensky, M.E., Wilson, T.L., Rietmeijer, F.J.M., Flynn, G.J. (eds.) Analysis of interplanetary Dust. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 310, pp. 105–114. American Institute of Physics, New York, NY (1994)Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Bradley, J.P., Brownlee, D.E., Veblen, D.R.: Nature 301, 473 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Bradley, J.P.: Science 265, 925 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Rietmeijer, F.J.M.: Interplanetary dust particles. In: Papike, J.J. (ed.) Planetary Materials, pp. (2)1–(2)95. Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC (1998)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Flynn, G.J.: Nature 371, 287 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Goodman, A.A., Whittet, D.C.B.: Astrophys. J. 455, L181 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Martin, P.G.: Astrophys. J. 445, L63 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Keller, L.P., Messenger, S., Flynn, G.J., Wirick, S., Jacobsen, C.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXIII, 1869 (2003)Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Buseck, P.R., Hua, X.: Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 21, 255 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Zolensky, M.E., Thomas, K.L.: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 59, 4707 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Tomeoka, K., Buseck, P.R.: Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 69, 243 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Jessberger, E.K., Christoforidis, A., Kissel, J.: Nature 332, 691 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Lawler, M.E., Brownlee, D.E., Temple, S., Wheelock, M.M.: Icarus 80, 225 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Brownlee, D.E.: Interplanetary dust: possible implications for comets and presolar interstellar grains. In: Gehrels, T. (ed.) Protostars and Planets, pp. 134–150. University of Arizona Press, Tucson (1978)Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Fraundorf, P.: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 45, 915 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Flynn, G.J., Fraundorf, P., Shirck, J., Walker, R.M.: Proceedings of the 9th Lunar Planetary Science Conference, p. 1187 (1978)Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Dai, Z.R., Bradley, J.P.: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 65, 3601 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Love, S.G., Brownlee, D.E.: Icarus 89, 26 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Nakazawa, H., Osaka, T., Sakaguchi, K.: Nature 242, 13 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Flynn, G.J.: Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 35, A54 (2000)Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Keller, L.P., Bradley, J.P., Molster, F.J., Waters, L.B.F.M., Bouwman, J., Brownlee, D.E., Flynn, G.J., Henning, Th., Mutschke, H.: Nature 417, 148 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Savage, B.D., Sembach, K.R.: Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 34, 279 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Snow, T.P., Witt, A.N.: Interstellar depletions updated: where all the atoms went. Astrophys. J. 468, L65 (1996)Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Sofia, U.J., Cardelli, J.A., Savage, B.D.: Astrophys. J. 430, 650 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Flynn, G.J., Lazirotti, A., Sutton, S.R.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXVI, 1148 (2005)Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Nakamura-Messenger, K., Keller, L.P., Messenger, S., Clemett, S.J., Zolensky, M.E., Palma, R.L., Pepin, R.O., Wirick, S.: Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 43, A111 (2008)Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Nguyen, A.N., Buseman, H., Nittler, L.R.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXVIII, 2332 (2007)Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Brownlee, D.E., et al.: Science 314, 1711 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Burnett, D.: Science 314, 1709 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Messenger, S., Joswiak, D., Ito, M., Matrajt, G., Brownlee, D.E.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXX, 1790 (2009)Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Stadermann, F., Floss, C., Gavinsky, A., Kearsley, A.T., Burchell, M.J.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXX, 1188 (2009)Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Brownlee, D.E., Joswiak, D., Matrajt, G., Messenger, S., Ito, M.: Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXX, 2195 (2009)Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Nakamura, T., Takaaki, N., Tsuchiyama, A., Ushikubo, T., Kita, N.T., Valley, J.W., Zolensky, M.E., Kakazu, Y., Sakamoto, K., Mashio, E., Uesugi, K., Nakano, T.: Science 321, 1664–1667 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Simon, S.B., Joswiak, D.J., Ishii, H.A., Bradley, J.P., Chi, M., Grossman, L., Aléon, J., Brownlee, D.E., Fallon, S., Hutcheon, I.D., Matrajt, G., McKeegan, K.D.: Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 43, 1861 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lawrence Livermore National LaboratoryInstitute of Geophysics and Planetary PhysicsLivermoreUSA

Personalised recommendations