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The Mineralogy of Interstellar and Circumstellar Dust in Galaxies

  • F.J. MolsterEmail author
  • L.B.F.M. Waters
  • F. Kemper
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 815)

Abstract

Dust in space is ubiquitous and is part of the cycle of matter in galaxies. The observed properties of dust change as a function of the astrophysical environment in which it is found. Dust can therefore be used as a tracer and probe of the physical and chemical conditions where it is detected. We present an observational overview of interstellar and circumstellar dust using spectroscopy at infrared wavelengths. Thanks to the contributions made by space-based infrared spectrographs, a large observational database of dust in space is now available. In this review, we focus on the identification of solid state resonances at these wavelengths, and present an inventory of dust species in different astrophysical environments. The picture that emerges is that of a very rich circumstellar dust mineralogy, while the interstellar medium shows only a limited amount of species. The implications for our understanding of dust processing in different astrophysical environments are also discussed.

Keywords

Young Star Planetary Nebula Interstellar Dust Carbon Star Large Magellanic Cloud 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgement

We would like to thank Sacha Hony, Jan Cami, Jeroen Bouwman, Jolanda van Breemen, Clio Gielen, Henrik Spoon and Frans Rietmeijer for the supply of several figures and Sacha Hony also for the careful reading of the manuscript. We thank Chiyoe Koike, John Bradley, and our colleagues in Amsterdam, Groningen, Leuven and Jena for the numerous discussions about dust in space and in the laboratory. This overview would not have been possible without the help of ADS and Simbad.

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© Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)Den HaagThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Nederlandse Onderzoekschool Voor Astronomie (NOVA), Leiden ObservatoryLeidenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Astronomical Institute “Anton Pannekoek”, University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit LeuvenHeverleeBelgium
  5. 5.Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of ManchesterManchesterUK

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