On the Utility of ICT in the European Higher Education Area: The Bologna Process and Its Implications in the Innovation of the Teaching and Learning Process

  • Pablo Murta Baião Albino
  • José Enrique Armendáriz-Iñigo
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 73)


Europe is pursuing a real union and one of its milestones is education. The appearance of the European High Education Area (the Bologna Process) supposes a major change in the teaching process at universities from the knowledge-based to the skills learning-based. It is a common belief that ICT could be the driving force in this change of paradigm. However, ICT itself is not the exclusive solution to the education problem; although it is part if the solution since it is very innovative further considerations have to be taken into account. In this paper we discuss the adoption of ICT in the Bologna Process focused on the particular case of Spain. We provide the current state of the art, discuss some drawbacks and point out some possible solutions.


Europe Assimilation Defend OECD Lani 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Joint declaration of the European Ministers of Education: The bologna declaration (June 19, 1999),
  2. 2.
    Caeiro, M., Llamas, M., Anido, L.: Towards the support of heterogeneous learning activities. Iberoamericana de Inteligencia Artificial 24, 77–86 (2004)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rocha Dos Reis, P., Camacho, G.: A Avaliação da Concretização do Processo de Bolonha numa Instituição de Ensino Superior Portuguesa. Española de Educación Comparada 15, 41–59 (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Carnoy, M.: ICT in education: Posibilities and challenges,
  5. 5.
    Sager, B., Fernández, M.G., Thursby, M.: Implications of a multi-disciplinary educational and research environment: Perspectives of future business, law, science, and engineering professionals in the technological innovation: Generating economic results (TI:GER®) program. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management 18(1), 57–69 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Salinas, J.: Innovación docente y uso de las TIC en la enseñanza universitaria. Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento 1(1), 1–16 (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liao, Y.K.C.: Effects of computer-assisted instruction on students’ achievement in taiwan: A meta-analysis. Computers & Education 48(2), 216–233 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bercovitz, B., Kaliszan, F., Koutrika, G., Liou, H., Zadeh, Z.M., Garcia-Molina, H.: Courserank: a social system for course planning. In: SIGMOD, pp. 1107–1110. ACM, New York (2009)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Koutrika, G., Zadeh, Z.M., Garcia-Molina, H.: Coursecloud: summarizing and refining keyword searches over structured data. In: EDBT, pp. 1132–1135. ACM, New York (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Albino, P.M.B.: Aplicación del juego emprendedor artesanal urbano en cooperativas populares y sus implicaciones en el protagonismo de estas organizaciones. In: ENUIES, pp. 1–11 (2007)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Badia, A., García, C.: Incorporación de las TIC en la enseñanza y el aprendizaje basados en la elaboración colaborativa de proyectos. Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento 3(2), 42–54 (2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pons, E.B., Andrés, M.V.M., Julià, F.F.: Explanatory factors for the academic success and failure in spanish universities during the process towards european convergence. Española de Educación Comparada 15, 61–92 (2009)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development: Learning to Change: ICT in Schools. OECD (2001)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lisbon European Council Summit 23 and 24 March 2000 (2000),
  15. 15.
    Sánchez, J.M.S.: Explanatory factors for the academic success and failure in spanish universities during the process towards european convergence. Española de Educación Comparada 15, 13–26 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pablo Murta Baião Albino
    • 1
  • José Enrique Armendáriz-Iñigo
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad Pública de NavarraPamplonaSpain

Personalised recommendations