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GIS Evaluation of Erosion-Sedimentation Risk Caused by Extreme Convective Rainstorms: Case Study of the Stonávka River Catchment, Czech Republic

  • Boris ŠírEmail author
  • Peter Bobál’
  • Jozef Richnavský
Chapter
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Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Timeliness of erosion-sedimentation processes is evident at both local and global scale. In Central Europe, problems of landscape management are often discussed in the relation to rainfall-runoff phenomena and the resultant processes of soil erosion and sediment deposition. Nowadays, these issues are well elaborated theoretically and with the use of information technologies (IT) and geographical information systems (GIS) potential, the evaluation of predisposition of a given area to erosion is quite easy. IT and GIS offer the effective use of a wide range of erosion models. In this chapter, a USPED (Unit Stream Power based Erosion/Deposition) model (Mitasova et al. 1996) is applied to the analysis of a rainstorm event in June 2009 within the Stonávka River catchment, Czech Republic. In comparison to the well-known USLE (Wishmeier and Smith 1965, 1978) model and its newer versions, the USPED model is more suitable for the use at a catchment scale and besides erosion, it is also able to calculate the rate of deposition of eroded material. Because of the convective character of the causal rainfall, the Onstad-Foster’s equation (Onstad and Foster 1975) was used to derive the R factor describing an erosive effect of rainfall/surface runoff.

Keywords

Soil Erosion Geographical Information System Surface Runoff Slope Gradient Universal Soil Loss Equation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to acknowledge the SGS project SV5480051/2101. If it is not said differently, all the used data were provided by the FLOREON + project performed by the team of researchers of the VSB-Technical University of Ostrava for the Moravian-Silesian region Council. The vector representation of estimated pedologic-ecological unit (BPEJ) was provided by the Research Institute for Soil and Water Conservation, Prague, Czech Republic. Radar rainfall images were provided by Czech Hydrometeorological Institute for the need of FLOREON + project.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boris Šír
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peter Bobál’
    • 1
  • Jozef Richnavský
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Geology and Mining, VŠBTechnical University of OstravaOstravaCzech Republic

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