Advertisement

Computer Tomography in Wood-Decay Assessment of Silver Fir (Abies Alba Mill.) Stands in the Polish Part of the Carpathians

  • Stanisław NiemturEmail author
  • Elżbieta Chomicz
  • Mariusz Kapsa
Chapter
  • 835 Downloads
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) is one of the major tree species (with beech and spruce) in the Polish Carpathians which during the last twenty years significantly improved its vitality. In our study we analyzed the degree of fir stands infestation by fungal pathogens using computer tomography. The test stands at age from 60 to 200 years were located in four different parts of the Polish Carpathians. Our results confirmed large share of fir trees in selected stands with wood decay that was proportionally increasing with stand age. It was also found that the percentage of silver fir with damaged wood by fungal pathogens was similar, and in some stands even bigger than of the Norway spruce, which is generally considered to be susceptible to damage by fungi. Among inspected silver fir trees in seed stands we found also some healthy individuals despite their age above 150 years. We suggest further investigations to determine potential differences between silver fir and Norway spruce in damages caused by fungi in Carpathian forests.

Keywords

Mixed Stand Wood Decay Forest District Major Tree Species Seed Stand 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank mgr inż. Marek Pierzchała from Forest Research Institute in Kraków for his great help in field work.

References

  1. Argus Electronic Gmbh (2009) Description of tree disease detection tool of the company. Informative materials of Argus Electronic. Rostock. http://www.argus-electronic.de. Accessed 30 September 2012
  2. Barszcz A (2004) The dependency of the quality and size structure and of the value of timber on the origin and age of stands. Electronic J Pol Agr Univ 7(2). http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume7/issue2/forestry/art-08.html. Accessed 31 October 2012
  3. Bernadzki E (2003) Struktura wieku i zagrożenie zgnilizną drewna starych drzewostanów sosnowych. Sylwan 5:3–12Google Scholar
  4. Bernicchia A, Savino E, Pérez Gorjón S (2007) Aphyllophoraceous wood-inhabiting fungi on Abies alba in Italy. Mycotaxon 100:185–188Google Scholar
  5. Göcke L, Rust S (2007) Picus Sonic Tomograph. Manual, RostockGoogle Scholar
  6. Hess M (1965) Piętra klimatyczne w polskich Karpatach zachodnich. Zesz Nauk UJ Pr Geogr 11:1–255Google Scholar
  7. Krzan Z (1988) Badania nad zgniliznami odziomkowymi świerka Picea abies (L.)Karst. w Tatrzańskim Parku Narodowym. Ochr Przyr 46:113–120Google Scholar
  8. Lech P (2003) Zagrożenie drzewostanów świerkowych w Polsce przez patogeny korzeni w świetle wyników monitoringu fitopatologicznego lasów gospodarczych. Sesja Naukowa “Drzewostany świerkowe: stan, problemy, perspektywy rozwojowe”. PTL, Ustroń-JaszowiecGoogle Scholar
  9. Małecka M (2010) Grzybowe choroby infekcyjne w ubiegłym roku. Las Polski 6:26–27Google Scholar
  10. Miś R, Kukuła J, Węgiel A (2008) Effect of the age of the maternal pine Pinus sylvestris L. on the growth and development of progeny stands. Acta Sci Pol Silvarum Colendarum Ratio et Industria Lignaria 7(3):23–35Google Scholar
  11. Niemtur S (2007) Carpathians forests: actual state and an attempt to a forecast. Probl Zagosp Ziem Górsk 54:31–44Google Scholar
  12. Niemtur S, Chomicz E (2008) Computer tomography of Norway spruces (Picea abies(l.) Karst.) in threatened stands with the various protective status. Probl Zagosp Ziem Górsk 55:99–112Google Scholar
  13. Niemtur S, Sierota Z, Chomicz E, Żółciak A (2008) Występowanie, konsekwencje gospodarcze zgnilizny czerwonej i możliwości jej ograniczania w drzewostanach świerkowych Krainy Karpackiej. Forest Research Institute (IBL) Final Report BLP 295. IBL, KrakówGoogle Scholar
  14. Niemtur S, Chomicz E, Kapsa M, Pierzchała M, Poznański R, Zięba S (2009) Wzorcowe modele lasów karpackich, uwarunkowania ich rozwoju i zasady prowadzenia. Forest Research Institute (IBL) Final Report BLP 325. IBL, KrakówGoogle Scholar
  15. Niemtur S, Pierzgalski E (2012) Effects of forest ecosystems changes on hydrological processes in Western Carpathians. In: Krecek J, Haigh MJ, Hofer T, Kubin E (eds) Management of mountain watersheds. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  16. Norokorpi Y (1979) Old Norway spruce stands, amount of decay and decay causing microbes in Northern Finland. Comm Inst For Fenniae 97(6):1–77Google Scholar
  17. Rykowski K, Sierota Z (1984) Aspekt ekonomiczny występowania huby korzeni w drzewostanach sosnowych na gruntach porolnych. Sylwan 1:11–21Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanisław Niemtur
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elżbieta Chomicz
    • 1
  • Mariusz Kapsa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Forestry Management in Mountain RegionsForest Research InstituteKrakówPoland

Personalised recommendations