Data, Techniques, and Methods in the Carpathian Research

  • Katarzyna OstapowiczEmail author
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


The Carpathian Mountains represent a complex system with various factors influencing synergies between environmental and human subsystems of the entire region. Understanding these natural and social processes and phenomena requires access to and use of high quality and accurate data, sophisticated technologies, and methods. In particular, development of geographic information science and technology (GIS&T) over the last three decades has played a significant role in advancing the availability of geospatial data and development of digital geodatabases. This chapter summarizes the content of this book section, focusing on different data types and sources like historical maps, satellite imagery, airborne laser scanning, and their various uses from simple map overlay methods to more sophisticated point cloud modeling or 3D visualization.


Normalize Difference Vegetation Index Geographic Information System Land Cover Change Terrestrial Laser Scan Airborne Laser Scan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geography and Spatial ManagementJagiellonian UniversityKrakówPoland

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