Land Use Changes of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in the Slovak Carpathians Since the Late Eighteenth Century

  • Martin BoltižiarEmail author
  • Branislav Olah
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


UNESCO biosphere reserves in the Slovak Carpathians are part of a worldwide system of protected areas with three basic functions: nature conservation, research and sustainable development. The topic of the study was the identification of past land use and its changes since the late eighteenth century within Slovak biosphere reserves. Land use development was identified from historical maps and aerial photographs. The most stable areas (with unchanged land use forms) as well as the intensity of land use change were identified within the core zones of the biosphere reserves. In general, the results justified the delineation of Slovak biosphere reserves from the point of view of land use stability and indicated several similarities between the studied areas and other areas in the Carpathian Mts.


Transition Zone Buffer Zone Core Area Biosphere Reserve Slope Inclination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The paper presents the results of two scientific projects, KEGA GP No. 023UKF-4/2011 "Terrain geoecological research as a base for creating of education equipment" and KEGA GP No. 025PU-4/2012 "Georelief and landscape structure".


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography and Regional DevelopmentConstantine the Philosopher University in NitraNitraSlovakia
  2. 2.Institute of Landscape EcologySlovak Academy of Sciences, BratislavaNitraSlovakia
  3. 3.Department of Applied EcologyTechnical University in ZvolenZvolenSlovakia

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