Management of Norway Spruce Stands in the Western Carpathians

  • Marian SlodičákEmail author
  • Jiří Novák
  • David Dušek
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


An important part of the Western Carpathians is situated in the Czech Republic. This region is characterized by a high percentage of forest cover. Although broadleaves used to dominate in natural species composition, Norway spruce stands cover more than one-half of the present forested area. A higher portion of spruce is the result of a historical demand for wide utilization of spruce wood. However, current climatic studies have confirmed the decline of the spruce, due to changes in precipitation amounts and patterns as well as the change in temperature and solar radiation. It is apparent that cultivation of Norway spruce in this region in its previous and present extent cannot be sustained and therefore conversion of current Norway spruce stands is imminent. We propose that silvicultural measures (thinning) can support spruce stand stability and that conversion of these stands consequently can be less risky. The study presents new results from the long-term thinning experiments in Norway spruce stands in the Czech part of the Western Carpathians. A new forestry concept based on an adequate thinning regime is discussed.


Young Stand Exposed Site Unthinned Stand Thick Tree Diameter Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This chapter was supported by the long-term project of the Czech Ministry of Agriculture, “Stabilisation of forest functions in anthropologically disturbed and changing environmental conditions” (MZE-0002070203). The authors are also grateful to Mr. Ian Hemingway (UK) for his helpful comments and language revision, and two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marian Slodičák
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jiří Novák
    • 1
  • David Dušek
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Station at OpočnoForestry and Game Management Research Institute, StrnadyOpočnoCzech Republic

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