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Strict Forest Reserve Research in the Margin of the Carpathians, the Vár-hegy Case-Study

  • Katalin MázsaEmail author
  • Borbála Balázs
  • János Bölöni
  • Ferenc Horváth
Chapter
  • 833 Downloads
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Sixteen forest reserves are situated in the northern part of Hungary which belongs to the Carpathian region according to EURAC delimitation (Ruffini et al. 2006). These Hungarian forest reserves expand the natural forest remnant/forest reserve net of the Carpathians towards the lower hilly region, representing the deciduous beech and oak forest belts near their lower (xeric) distribution limits. This paper outlines the Hungarian forest reserves belonging to the Carpathian region and the preliminary results of current projects in the Vár-hegy Forest Reserve (Bükk Mts., Hungary) as a case study. The alteration of tree species composition was investigated here based on the reconstruction of forest history in the previous 130 years (management period) and analyses of forest stand inventory. In another project CO2 sequestration changes of these forest stands were modeled since the clear-cutting in the 1880th and carbon stored in the forest ecosystem compartments was estimated. Our results show that the forest reserve stands are presently in a transition state from the managed forest towards a more natural mixed forest with several age-classes.

Keywords

Forest Reserve Virgin Forest Forest History Carpathian Region Acer Campestre 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The Hungarian Forest Reserve Program is supported by the State Secretary for Nature and Environment Protection (Ministry of Rural Development).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katalin Mázsa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Borbála Balázs
    • 2
  • János Bölöni
    • 1
  • Ferenc Horváth
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Ecological Research Hungarian Academy of SciencesVácrátótHungary
  2. 2.Department of MeteorologyEötvös Loránd UniversityBudapestHungary

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