Advertisement

Initial Investigations for Modeling Interior Utilities Within 3D Geo Context: Transforming IFC-Interior Utility to CityGML/UtilityNetworkADE

Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

3D City models have so far neglected utility networks in built environments, both interior and exterior. Many urban applications, e.g. emergency response or maintenance operations, are looking for such an integration of interior and exterior utility. Interior utility is usually created and maintained using Building Information Model (BIM) systems, while exterior utility is stored, managed and analyzed using GIS. Researchers have suggested that the best approach for BIM/GIS integration is harmonized semantics, which allow formal mapping between the BIM and real world GIS. This paper provides preliminary ideas and directions for how to acquire information from BIM/Industry Foundation Class (IFC) and map it to CityGML utility network Application Domain Extension (ADE). The investigation points out that, in most cases, there is a direct one-to-one mapping between IFC schema and UtilityNetworkADE schema, and only in one case there is one-to-many mapping; related to logical connectivity since there is no exact concept to represent the case in UtilityNetworkADE. Many examples are shown of partial IFC files and their possible translation in order to be represented in UtilityNetworkADE classes.

Keywords

Building Information Model Logical Connectivity Utility Network Connectivity Information Open Geospatial Consortium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper has been prepared as a part of research project (3D-GIS Campus) in the institute for Geoinformatic and Remote Sensing (IGF), University of Osnabrueck., it is supported by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) under the program: Research Grants for Doctoral Candidates and Young Academics and Scientists.

References

  1. Akinci B, Karimi H, Pradhan A, Wu CC, Fichtl G (2008) CAD and GIS interoperability through semantic web services. ITcon 13:39–55.Google Scholar
  2. Becker T, Nagel C, Kolbe T (2010) UtilityNetworkADE,-Core Model-Draft version. Retrieved May 3, 2010 from the World Wide Web: http://www.citygmlwiki.org/index.php/CityGML_UtilityNetworkADE
  3. Benner J, Geiger A, Leinemann K (2005) Flexible generation of semantic 3D building models. In: Gröger G, Kolbe T (eds.), Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Next Generation 3D City Models, Bonn, Germany, pp. 17–22.Google Scholar
  4. BIM Server (2009) Building information model server/converter to CityGML and KML. Retrieved May 1, 2010 from the World Wide Web:www.BIMserver.org
  5. CityGML – ADE (2010), CityGML application domain extensions. Retrieved Mai 1, 2010 from the World Wide Web: http://www.citygmlwiki.org/index.php/CityGML-ADEs
  6. Clemen C, Gründig L (2006) The industry foundation classes-ready for indoor cadastre? In: Proceedings of XXIII International FIG Congress (eds.), München, Germany.Google Scholar
  7. Emgard KL, Zlatanova S (2008) Design of an integrated 3D information model. In: Coors R, Fendel E, & Zlatanova S (eds.), Urban and regional data management: UDMS annual 2007 (pp. 143–156), Taylor & Francis Group, London, UK.Google Scholar
  8. Gröger G, Thomas H. Kolbe, Angela Czerwinski, Claus Nagel (2008) OpenGIS® City Geography Markup Language (CityGML) Encoding Standard, Version:1.0.0,OGC08-007r1, http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/citygml (27 April 2010).
  9. Groneman A, Zlatanova S (2009) TOPOSCOPY: a modelling tool for CITYGML. In: Onsrud H, van de Velde R (eds.), GSDI Association, The Netherlands, pp. 1–13.Google Scholar
  10. Hijazi I, Ehlers M (2009) 3D web requirement: a case study for the University of Osnabrück. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Summit of Digital Earth (CD), Beijing, China.Google Scholar
  11. Hijazi I, Ehlers M, Zlatanova S, Isikdag U (2009) IFC to CityGML transformation framework for geo-analysis: a water utility network case. In: de Maeyer P, Neutens T, de Rijck M (Eds.), 3D GeoInfo, Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on 3D Geo-Information. Ghent University, Ghent, pp. 123–127.Google Scholar
  12. IFC Explorer (2008) Tool for viewing and conversion of IFC models. Retrieved May, 20, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://www.iai.fzk.de/www-extern/index.php?id = 1040&L = 1
  13. Industry Foundation Classes for GIS (IFG) (2009) Retrieved Mai, 20, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://www.iai.no/ifg/Content/ifg_index.htm
  14. Isikdag U, Underwood J, Aouad G (2008). An investigation into the applicability of building information models in geospatial environment in support of site selection and fire response management processes. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 22:504–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Isikdag U, Zlatanova S (2009) Towards defining a framework for automatic generation of buildings in CityGML using building Information Models. In: Lee J, Zlatanova S (eds.), 3D Geoinformation and Sciences, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 79–96.Google Scholar
  16. Liebich T, IFC 2x Edition 3, Model Implementation Guide, Version 2.0,http://www.iaitech.org/downloads/accompanyingdocments/guidelines/IFC2x%20Model%20Implementation%20Guide%20V2-0b.pdf (13 April 2010).
  17. Nagel C, Stadler, A, Kolbe T (2009) Conceptual Requirements for the AutomaticReconstruction of Building Information Models from Uninterpreted 3D Models, Academic Track of Geoweb 2009 Conference, Vancouver.Google Scholar
  18. Peachavanish R, Karimi H, Akinci B, Boukamp F (2006) An ontological engineering approach for integrating CAD and GIS in support of infrastructure management. Advanced Engineering Informatics 20(4): 71–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Safe Software (2008) FME Desktop Translator/Converter Software. Retrieved May 20, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://www.safe.com/products/desktop/formats.php
  20. Schevers H, Mitchell J, Akhurst P, Marchant D, Bull S, McDonald K, Drogemuller R, Linning C (2007) Towards digital facility modelling for Sydney opera house using IFC and semantic web technology, ITcon 12: 347–362.Google Scholar
  21. Shen W, et al (2009) Systems integration and collaboration in architecture, engineering, construction, and facilities management: a review. Advanced Engineering Informatics, doi:10.1016/j.aei.2009.09.001.Google Scholar
  22. Wu I, Hsieh S (2007) Transformation from IFC data model to GML data model: methodology and tool development. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, 30(6): 1085–1090.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Geoinformatics and Remote Sensing – IGFUniversity of OsnabrueckOsnabrueckGermany
  2. 2.OTB, Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility StudiesDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Institute for Geodesy and Geoinformation ScienceTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  4. 4.Netherlands organisation for applied scientific research (TNO)DelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations