Integration of BIM and GIS: The Development of the CityGML GeoBIM Extension

Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


There is a growing interest in the integration of BIM and GIS. However, most of the research is focused on importing BIM data in GIS applications and vice versa. Real integration of BIM and GIS is using the strong parts of the GIS technology in BIM, and of course the strong parts from BIM technology in GIS. In this paper a mix of strong parts from both worlds is integrated in a single project. The paper describes the development of a CityGML extension called GeoBIM to get semantic IFC data into a GIS context. The conversion of IFC to CityGML (including the GeoBIM extension) is implemented in the open source Building Information Modelserver.


  1. Akinci B, Karimi H, Pradhan A, Wu CC, Fichtl G (2008) CAD and GIS interoperability through semantic web services. ITcon 13:39–55Google Scholar
  2. Beetz J, Berlo L. van (2010) Towards an Open Building Information Model Server. DDSS 2010Google Scholar
  3. Benner J, Geiger A, Leinemann K (2005) Flexible generation of semantic 3D building models. In: Gröger G, Kolbe T (eds) Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Next Generation 3D City Models, Bonn, pp. 17–22Google Scholar
  4. Berkeley DB (2010) open source database. Retrieved August 1, 2010 from the World Wide Web:
  5. Berlo L van (2009) “CityGML Extension for BIM/ IFC information”, presented at the Free and open source for GIS conference FOSS4G, October 2009Google Scholar
  6. BIMserver and the potential of server side BIM (2009) Retrieved February 2009 from the World Wide Web:
  7. BIMserver (2009) Building information model server. Retrieved November 2009 from the World Wide Web:
  8. Borrmann A, Rank E (2009) Specification and implementation of directional operators in a 3D spatial query language for building information models. Advanced Engineering Informatics 23:32–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. CityGML (2009) CityGML Encoding Standard document version 1.0.0. Retrieved April 20, 2010 from the World Wide Web:
  10. CityGML4j (2010) Java class library and API for facilitating work with CityGML. Retrieved August 1, 2010 from the World Wide Web:
  11. CityGML – ADE (2010) CityGML application domain extensions. Retrieved April 20, 2010 from the World Wide Web:
  12. Clemen C, Gründig L (2006) The industry foundation classes-ready for indoor cadastre? In: Proceedings of XXIII International FIG Congress, Engineering Surveys for Construction Works II, Munich, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  13. Czerwinski A, Kolbe T, Plümer L, Stöcker-Meier E (2006) Interoperability and accuracy requirements for EU environmental noise mapping. In: Kremers H (Hg.) Proceedings, InterCarto – InterGIS 12, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  14. Du Y, Zlatanova S (2006) An approach for 3D visualization of pipelines. In: Abdul-Rahman A, Zlatanova S, Coors V (eds) Innovation in 3D-Geo Information System, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 395–404Google Scholar
  15. EMF (2010) Eclipse Modelling framework. Retrieved April 20, 2010 from the World Wide Web:
  16. FZK viewer (2010) Tool for viewing IFC files. Retrieved April 20, 2010 from the World Wide Web:
  17. Hijazi I, Ehlers M, Zlatanova S, Isikdag U (2009) IFC to CityGML transformation framework for geo-analysis: a water utility network case. In: Maeyer P de, Neutens T, Rijck M de (eds) 3D GeoInfo, Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on 3D Geo-Information, Ghent University, Ghent, pp. 123–127Google Scholar
  18. IFC Engine Series (2009) Library for handling IFC models. Retrieved April, 20, 2010 from the World Wide Web:
  19. IFC Explorer (2008) Tool for viewing and conversion of IFC models. Retrieved April, 20, 2010 from the World Wide Web:
  20. (2010) Website that hosts information about Industry Foundation Classes. Retrieved October 1, 2010 from the World Wide Web:
  21. Isikdag U, Underwood J, Aouad G (2008) An investigation into the applicability of building information models in geospatial environment in support of site selection and fire response management processes. Advanced Engineering Informatics 22:504–519CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Isikdag U, Zlatanova S (2009) A SWOT analysis on the implementation of Building Information Models within the Geospatial Environment. In: Krek A, Rumor M, Zlatanova S, Fendel EM (eds) Urban and Regional Data Management – UDMS Annual 2009, Taylor & Francis Group, London, pp. 15–30Google Scholar
  23. Isikdag U, Zlatanova S (2009) Towards defining a framework for automatic generation of buildings in CityGML using building Information Models. In: Lee J, Zlatanova S (eds) 3D Geoinformation and Sciences, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 79–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kolbe T (January 2007) 3D Geospatial Information Modelling with CityGML. Presentation for the OGC on January 18, 2007Google Scholar
  25. Kolbe, T, Gröger, G, Plümer, L (2005) CityGML – Interoperable Access to 3D CityModels. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Geo-information for Desaster Management on 21–23 March 2005, DelftGoogle Scholar
  26. LandExplorer (2010) Tool for viewing CityGML files. Retrieved April 20, 2010 from the World Wide Web:
  27. Liebich T (2009) IFC 2x Edition 3 Model Implementation Guide v1.7. Retrieved April 20, 2010 from the World Wide Web:
  28. Nagel C (2007) Conversion of IFC to CityGML; Meeting of the OGC 3DIM Working Group at OGC TC/PC Meeting, Paris (France)Google Scholar
  29. Nagel C, Stadler, A, Kolbe T (2009) Conceptual Requirements for the Automatic Reconstruction of Building Information Models from Uninterpreted 3D Models, Academic Track of Geoweb 2009 Conference, VancouverGoogle Scholar
  30. OWS-4, OGC Webservices, phase 4;, last accessed [01-2011]
  31. Peachavanish R, Karimi H, Akinci B, Boukamp F (2006) An ontological engineering approach for integrating CAD and GIS in support of infrastructure management. Advanced Engineering Informatics 20(4):71–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Thurston J (June 2008) Interview: CityGML – Modeling the city for the future. Retrieved August 28, 2009 from the World Wide Web:
  33. Wu I, Hsieh S (2007) Transformation from IFC data model to GML data model: Methodology and tool development Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers 30(6):1085–1090CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO)DelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations