Analytical Developments for Emerging Pollutants in Indoor Suspended Particulate Matter and Dust

  • C. Garcia-JaresEmail author
  • R. Barro
  • J. Regueiro
  • L. Sanchez-Prado
  • M. Llompart
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Many contaminants are adsorbed by particulate matter suspended in indoor air, which later settles out as house dust, acting as a sink for semi- and non-volatile hazardous substances. Hence, inhalation of indoor air and particulate matter as well as dermal adsorption and unnoticed ingestion of indoor dust, have been recognized as important exposure pathways for organic contaminants. This chapter discusses recent methodological developments for the analysis of emerging pollutants in indoor suspended particulate matter and dust. Procedures for sample collection and enrichment, as well as analyte desorption and clean-up procedures, determination techniques, and method performance evaluation, are discussed. Finally, analytical methodologies available for several families of contaminants usually associated to indoor particulate matter and dust are presented.


Suspended Particulate Matter Flame Retardant Indoor Environment House Dust Dust Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We want to acknowledge the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology for funding (FEDER- project CTQ2006-03334).


  1. Abb M, Heinrich T, Sorkau E, Lorenz W (2009) Environ Int 35:965–970CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abdallah MA, Ibarra C, Neels H, Harrad S, Covaci A (2008a) J Chromatogr A 1190:333–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abdallah MA, Harrad S, Ibarra C, Diamond M, Melymuk L, Robson M, Covaci A (2008b) Environ Sci Technol 42:459–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) (2003) Toxicological profile for pyrethrins and pyrethroids. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health ServiceGoogle Scholar
  5. Allen JG, McClean M, Stapleton HM, Webster TF (2008) Environ Int 34:1085–1091CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. ASTM D5438 (2002) Standard practice for collection of floor dust for chemical analysis. ASTM Internationl, West ConshohockenGoogle Scholar
  7. Berger-Preiss E, Preiss A, Sielaff K, Raabe M, Ilgen B, Levsen K (1997) Indoor Air 7:248–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Berger-Preiss E, Levsen K, Leng G, Idel H, Sugiri D, Ranft U (2002) Int J Hyg Environ Health 205:459–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bornehag CG, Lundgren B, Weschler CJ, Sisgaard T, Hagerhed-Engman L, Sundell J (2005) Environ Health Perspect 113:1399–1404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bridges B (2002) Flavour Fragr J 17:361–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Butte W, Heinzow B (1994) Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 175:1–46Google Scholar
  12. Cai L, Koziel JA, Lo YC, Hoff SJ (2006) J Chromatogr A 1102:60–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Canosa P, Pérez-Palacios D, Garrido-López A, Tena MT, Rodríguez I, Rubí E, Cela R (2007) J Chromatogr A 1161:105–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Carlsson H, Nilsson U, Östman C (2000) Environ Sci Technol 34:3885–3889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Clark JR, Goodman LR, Borthwick PW, Patrick JM, Cripe GM, Moody PM (1989) Environ Toxicol Chem 8:393–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Clements-Croome DJ (2008) SJWEH Suppl 4:69–78Google Scholar
  17. Coscollà C, Yusà V, Martí P, Pastor A (2008) J Chromatogr A 1200:100–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cotas JR, Symonik DM, Bradbury SP, Dyer SD, Timson LK, Atchison GJ (1989) Environ Toxicol Chem 8:671–679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Covaci A, Voorspoels S, De Boer JEG (2002) J Environ Int 29:735–756Google Scholar
  20. Covaci A, Voorspoels S, Ramos L, Neels H, Blust R (2007) J Chromatogr A 1153:145–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Currado GM, Harrad S (2000) Environ Sci Technol 34:78–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Das KG, Kastner JR, Hassan SM (2004) ASAE/CSAE annual international meeting. Paper number 04-4125Google Scholar
  23. De Boer J, Wells DE (2006) Trends Anal Chem 25:364–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. De Wit C (2002) Chemosphere 46:583–624Google Scholar
  25. Demeestere K, Dewulf J, Witte BD, Langenhove HV (2007) J Chromatogr A 1153:130–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Dorr G, Noller B, Woods N, Hewitt A, Hanan J, Adkins S, Ricci PF (2007) Rational environmental management of agrochemicals. In: ACS symposium series, vol 966, pp 53–65Google Scholar
  27. Eom IY, Tugulea AM, Pawliszyn J (2008) J Chromatogr A 1196–1197:3–9Google Scholar
  28. Fernandez-Alvarez M, Llompart M, Lamas JP, Lores M, Garcia-Jares C, Cela R, Dagnac T (2008) J Chromatogr A 1188:154–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Fischer PH, Hoek G, van Reeuwijk H, Briggs DJ, Lebret E, van Wijnen JH, Kingham S, Elliott PE (2000) Atmos Environ 34:3713–3722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Frankhauser A, Grob K (2007) Anal Chim Acta 582:353–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Fromme H, Lahrz T, Piloty M, Gebhart H, Oddoy A, Rüden H (2004) Indoor Air 14:188–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Fromme H, Mattulat A, Lahrz T, Ruden H (2005) Chemosphere 58:1377–1383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Fromme H, Albrecht M, Drexler H, Gruber L, Schlummer M, Parlar H, Körner W, Wanner A, Heitmann D, Roscher E, Bolte G (2007) Int J Hyg Environ Health 210:345–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. García M, Rodríguez I, Cela R (2007a) J Chromatogr A 1152:280–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. García M, Rodríguez I, Cela R (2007b) Anal Chim Acta 590:17–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Gevao B, Al-Bahloul M, Al-Ghadban AN, Al-Omair A, Ali L, Zafar J, Helaleh M (2006a) Chemosphere 64:603–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Gevao B, Al-Bahloul M, Al-Ghadban AN, Ali L, Al-Omair A, Helaleh M, Al-Matrouk K, Zafar J (2006b) Atmos Environ 40:1419–1426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Giesy JP, Kannan K (2002) Environ Sci Technol 36:146A–152ACrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Godwin CC, Battermann SA, Sahni SP, Peng CY (2003) Am J Dent 16:260–266Google Scholar
  40. Gomez-Hens M, Aguilar-Ceballos MP (2003) Trends Anal Chem 22:847–857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Harada K, Nakanishi S, Sasaki K, Furuyama K, Nakayama S, Saith N, Yamakawa K, Koizumi A (2006) Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 76:306–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Harner T, Shoeib M, Kozma M, Gobas FA, Li SM (2005) Environ Sci Technol 39:724–731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Harrad S, Diamond M (2006) Atmos Environ 40:1187–1188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Harrad S, Hazrati S, Ibarra C (2006) Environ Sci Technol 40:4633–4638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Harrad S, Ibarra C, Robson M, Melymuk L, Zhang X, Diamond M, Douwers J (2009a) Chemosphere 76:232–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Harrad S, Abdallah MA-E, Covaci A (2009b) Environ Int 35:573–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Hartmann PC, Burgi D, Giger W (2004) Chemosphere 57:781–787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Hermanson MH, Hites RA (1990) Environ Sci Technol 24:666–671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Herrmann T, Schilling B, Päpke O (2003) Organohal Compd 63:361–364Google Scholar
  50. Hutter HP, Moshammer H, Wallner P, Damberger B, Tappler P, Kundi M (2006) Int J Hyg Environ Health 209:65–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Hwang HM, Park EK, Young TM, Hammock BD (2008) Sci Total Environ 404:26–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) (1995) Wood dust and formaldehyde. In: IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risk to humans, vol 62. IARC Press, LyonGoogle Scholar
  53. Ingerowski G, Friedle A, Thumulla J (2001) Indoor Air 11:145–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) (1997) The gold book. compendium of chemical terminology, 2nd edn. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford. Accessed Feb 2009
  55. Jahnke A, Berger U (2009) J Chromatogr A 1216:410–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Jahnke A, Ahrens L, Ebinghaus R, Berger U, Barber JL, Temme C (2007a) Anal Bioanal Chem 387:965–975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Jahnke A, Huber S, Temme C, Kylin H, Berger U (2007b) J Chromatogr A 1164:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Jeannot R, Dagnac T (2006) In: Nollet LML (ed) Chromatographic analysis of the environment. Chromatographic science series, vol 93. Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, pp 841–888Google Scholar
  59. Jones-Otazo HA, Clarke JP, Diamond ML, Archbold JA, Ferguson G, Harner T, Richardson GM, Ryan JJ, Wilford B (2005) Environ Sci Technol 39:5121–5130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Junker M, Koller T, Monn C (2000) Sci Total Environ 246:139–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Kagia N, Fujiib S, Horibab Y, Namikic N, Ohtanic Y, Emic H, Tamurad H, Kim YS (2007) Build Environ 42:1949–1954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Kallenborn R, Gatermann R, Rimkus GG (1999) J Environ Monit 1:70N–74NCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Karlsson M, Julander A, Van Bavel B, Hardell L (2007) Environ Int 33:62–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Karthikeyan S, Balasubramania R, See SW (2006) Talanta 69:79–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Kato K, Calafat AM, Needham LL (2009) Envrion Res 109:518–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Kawata K, Minagawa M, Fujieda Y (1993) J Chromatogr 653:369–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Kennedy ER, Fischbach TJ, Song R, Eller PM, Shulman SA (1995) Guidelines for air sampling and analytical method development and evaluation. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, CincinnatiGoogle Scholar
  68. Kierkegaard A, Sellström U, McLachlan MS (2009) J Chromatogr A 1216:364–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Knoth W, Mann W, Meyer R, Nebhuth J (2002) Organohal Comp 58:213–216Google Scholar
  70. Kolmodin-Hedman B, Swensson A, Akerblom M (1982) Arch Toxicol 50:27–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Koziel JA, Odziemkowski M, Pawliszyn (2001) Anal Chem 73:47–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Kubwabo C, Stewart B, Zhu J, Marro L (2005) J Environ Monit 7:1074–1078CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Law RJ, Herzke D, Harrad S, Morris S, Bersuder P, Allchin CR (2008) Chemosphere J 73:223–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Lee EG, Feigley CE, Hussey JR, Slaven JE (2008) J Environ Monit 10:1350–1356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Leng G, Berger-Preiss E, Levsen K, Ranft U, Sugiri D, Hadnagy W, Idel H (2005) Int J Hyg Environ Health 208:193–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Lewis RG, Fortmann RC, Camann D (1994) Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 26:37–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Lioy PJ, Freeman NC, Milette JR (2002) Environ Health Perspect 110:969–983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Llompart M, García-Jares C, Landín P (2007) In: Nollet LML (ed) Chromatographic analysis of the environment, 3rd edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 1103–1154Google Scholar
  79. Lu C, Kedan G, Fisker-Andersen J, Kissel JC, Fenske RA (2004) Environ Res 96:283–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Maertens RM, Bailey J, White PA (2004) Rev Mutat Res 567:401–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Mandalakis M, Atsarou V, Stephanou (2008) Environ Pollut 155:375–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Mannino MR, Orecchio S (2008) Atmos Environ 42:1801–1817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Marklund A, Andersson B, Haglund P (2003) Chemosphere 53:1137–1146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Martin JW, Muir DGC, Moody CA, Ellis DA, Kwan WC, Solomon KR, Mabury SA (2002) Anal Chem 74:584–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Matsumura T, Hamada M, Ito K, Ando M, Isozaki A (1998) J Soc Indoor Environ Jpn 1:11–15Google Scholar
  86. Meeker JD, Johnson PI, Camann D, Hauser R (2009) Sci Total Environ 407:3425–3429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Menegaux F, Baruchel A, Lescoeur Y, Leverger G, Nelken B, Sommelet D, Hémon D, Clavel J (2006) Occup Environ Med 63:131–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Meredith ML, Hites RA (1987) Environ Sci Technol 21:709–712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Molhave L, Schneider T, Kjaergaard SK, Larsen L, Norn S, Jorgensen O (2000) Atmos Environ 34:4767–4779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Moriwaki H, Takata Y, Arakawa R (2003) J Environ Monit 5:753–757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Mukerjee S, Ellenson WD, Lewis RG, Stevens RK, Somerville MC, Shadwick DS, Willis RD (1997) Environ Int 23:657–673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Naspinski C, Lingenfelter R, Cizmas L, Naufal Z, He LY, Islamzadeh A, Li Z, Li Z, McDonald T, Donnelly KC (2008) Environ Int 34:988–993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Nilsson A, Lagesson V, Bornehag C-G, Sundell J, Tagesson C (2005) Environ Int 31:1141–1148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Odabasi M, Ongan O, Cetin E (2005) Atmos Environ 39:3763–3770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Oepkemeier S, Schreiber S, Breuer D, Key G, Kleiböhmer W (1999) Anal Chim Acta 393:103–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Offenberg JH, Naumova YY, Turpin BJ, Eisenreich SJ, Morandi MT, Stock T, Colome SD, Winer AM, Spektor DM, Zhang J, Weisel CP (2004) Environ Sci Technol 38:2760–2768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Ormstad H (2003) Toxicology 152:53–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Otaka T, Yoshinaga J, Yanagisawa Y (2001) Environ Sci Technol 35:3099–3102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Päpke O, Fürst P, Herrmann T (2004) Talanta 63:1203–1211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Peck AM, Hornbuckle KC (2004) Environ Sci Technol 38:367–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Peck AM, Kucklick JR, Schantz MM (2007) Anal Bioanal Chem 387:2381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Pellizzari ED, Krost KJ (1984) Anal Chem 56:1813–1819CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Poster DL, Kucklick JR, Schantz MM, Vander Pol SS, Leigh SD, Wise SA (2007) Environ Sci Technol 41:2861–2867CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Ramil Criado M, Rodríguez Pereiro I, Cela Torrijos R (2002) J Chromatogr A 963:65–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Razote EB, Maghirang RG, Seitz LM, Jeon JJ (2004) Trans ASAE 47:1231–1238Google Scholar
  106. Regueiro J, Llompart M, Garcia-Jares C, Cela R (2006) J Chromatogr A 1137:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Regueiro J, Llompart M, Garcia-Jares C, Cela R (2007a) J Chromatogr A 1174:112–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Regueiro J, Llompart M, Garcia-Jares C, Cela R (2007b) Anal Bioanal Chem 388:1095–1107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Regueiro J, Garcia-Jares C, Llompart M, Lamas JP, Cela R (2009) J Chromatogr A 1216:2805–2815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Ren Y, Cheng T, Chen J (2006) Atmos Environ 40:6956–6965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Ritter L, Goushleff NCI, Arbuckle T, Cole D, Donald D, Raizenne M (2006) J Toxicol Env Health B: Crit Rev 9:441–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Roberts JW, Dickey P (1995) Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 143:59–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Roberts JW, Budd WT, Ruby MG, Camann D, Fortmann RC, Lewis RG, Wallace LA, Spittler TM (1992) J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 2:127–146Google Scholar
  114. Roinestad KS, Louis JB, Rosen JD (1993) J AOAC Int 76:1121–1126Google Scholar
  115. Rudel RA, Brody JG, Spengler JD, Vallarino J, Geno PW, Yau A (2001) J Air Waste Manage Assoc 51:499–513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Rudel RA, Camann DE, Spengler JD, Korn LR, Brody JG (2003) Environ Sci Technol 37:4543–4553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Saito I, Onuki A, Seto H, Uehara S (2003) J Jpn Soc Atmos Environ 38:78–88Google Scholar
  118. Saito I, Onuki A, Seto H (2007) Indoor Air 17:28–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Sasaki K, Harada K, Saito N, Tsutsui T, Nakanishi S, Tsuzuki H, Koizumi A (2003) Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 71:408–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Schecter A, Shah N, Colacino JA, Brummitt SI, Ramakrishnan V, Harris TR, Päpke O (2009) Chemosphere 75:623–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Schieweck A, Delius W, Siwinski N, Vogtenrath W, Genning C, Salthammer T (2007) Atmos Environ 41:3266–3275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Shirey RE, Mani V, Mindrup R (1998) Am Environ Lab 10:21–22Google Scholar
  123. Shoeib M, Harner T, Wilford BH, Jones KC, Zhu J (2005) Environ Sci Technol 39:6599–6606CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Shoeib M, Harner M, Lee T, Lane SC, Zhu D (2008) J Anal Chem 80:675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Shoeib M, Harner T, Ikonomou M, Kannan K (2009) Environ Sci Technol 38:1313–1320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Simcox NJ, Fenske RA, Wolz SA, Lee IC, Kalman DA (1995) Environ Health Perspect 103:1126–1134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Sjödin A, Carlsson H, Thuresson K, Sjölin S, Bergman A, Östman C (2001) Environ Sci Technol 35:448–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Sjödin A, Päpke O, McGahee E, Jones R, Focant JF, Pless-Mulloli T, Toms LM, Wang R, Zhang Y, Needham L, Herrmann T, Patterson D (2004) Organohal Comp 66:3770–3775Google Scholar
  129. Sjödin A, Päpke O, McGahee E, Focant JF, Jones RS, Pless-Mulloli T, Toms LML, Herrmann T, Müller J, Needham NN, Patterson DG Jr (2008) Chemosphere 73:S131–S136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Solbu K, Thorud S, Hersson M, Ovrebo S, Ellingsen DG, Lundanes E, Molander P (2007) J Chromatogr A 1161:275–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Stapleton HM, Dodder NG, Offenberg JH, Schantz MM, Wise SA (2005) Environ Sci Technol 39:925–931CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Stapleton HM, Harner T, Shoeib M, Keller JM, Schantz MM, Leigh SD, Wise SA (2006) Anal Bioanal Chem 384:791–800CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Stapleton HM, Allen JG, Kelly SM, Konstantinov A, Klosterhaus S, Watkins D, McClean MD, Webster AF (2008) Environ Sci Technol 42:6910–6916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Starr J, Graham S, Stout D II, Andrews K, Nishioka M (2008a) Environ Res 108:271–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Starr J, Graham S, Stout D II, Andrews K, Nishioka M (2008b) Environ Res 108:271–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Strömvall AM, Petersson G (1992) J Chromatogr A 589:385–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Sun Q, Alexandrova OA, Herckes P, Allen JO (2009) Talanta 7:1115–1121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Takigami H, Suzuki G, Hirai Y, Ishikawa Y, Sunami M, Sakai SI (2009) Environ Int 35:688–693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Tan J, Cheng SM, Loganath A, Chong YS, Obbard JP (2007a) Chemosphere 68:1675–1682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Tan J, Cheng SM, Loganath A, Chong YS, Obrad JP (2007b) Chemosphere 66:985–992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Tariq MI, Afzal S, Hussain I (2004) Environ Int 30:471–479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Thomsen C, Leknes H, Lundanes E, Becher G (2001) J Chromatogr A 923:299–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Tienpont B, David D, Sandra P, Vanwalleghem F (2000) J Microcol Sep 12:194–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Tollbäck J, Tamburro D, Crescenzi C, Carlsson H (2006) J Chromatogr A 1129:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Toms L-ML, Hearn L, Kennedy K, Harden F, Bartkow M, Temme C, Mueller JF (2009a) Environ Int 35:864–869CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Toms L-ML, Bartkow ME, Symons R, Paepke O, Mueller JF (2009b) Chemosphere 76:173–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. US EPA (1997) Exposure factors handbook. National Centre for Environmental Assessment, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  148. US EPA (2003) High production volume (HPV) chemical list database. Accessed 8 June 2003
  149. van Leeuwen SPJ, de Boer J (2007) J Chromatogr A 1153:172–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Vaz JM (2003) Talanta 60:687–693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. VDI (2001) Measurement of indoor air pollution – sampling of house dust, VD14300 Part 8Google Scholar
  152. Wainman T, Zhang J, Weschler CJ, Lioy PJ (2000) Environ Health Perspect 108:1139–1145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Weaver VM, Buckley TJ, Groopman JD (1998) Environ Health Perspect 106:827–832Google Scholar
  154. Weschler CJ (2009) Atmos Environ 43:153–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Weschler CJ, Nazaroff WW (2008) Atmos Environ 42:9018–9040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Weschler CJ, Salthammer T, Fromme H (2008) Atmos Environ 42:1449–1460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. WHO (1991) Environmental health criteria 112 (tri-n-butyl phosphate). International Programme on Chemical Safety, WHO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  158. WHO (1998) Environmental health criteria 209 (Flame retardants: tris(chloropropyl) phosphate and tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate). International Programme on Chemical Safety, WHO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  159. Wilford BH, Shoeib M, Harner T, Zhu J, Jones KC (2005) Environ Sci Technol 39:7027–7035CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Wilson WE, Chow JC, Claiborn C, Fusheng W, Engelbrecht J, Watson JG (2002) Chemosphere 49:1009–1043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Wilson NK, Chuang JC, Morgan MK, Lordo RA, Sheldon LS (2007) Environ Res 103:9–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. World Health Organization (WHO) (1986–1992) Environmental health criteria nos. 64, 82, 87, 94, 96-99 and 142. The International Programme on Chemical Safety, United Nations Environment Programme, International Labour Organisation and World Health Organization, Geneva, pp 1986–1992Google Scholar
  163. Xue N, Xu X, Jin Z (2005) Chemosphere 61:1594–1606CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Yao M, Zhang H, Dong S, Zhen S, Chen X (2009) Aerosol Sci 40:492–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Yoshida T, Matsunaga I, Oda H (2004) J Chromatogr A 1023:255–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Yusà V, Coscollà C, Mellouki W, Pastor A, de la Guardia M (2009) J Chromatogr A 1216:2972–2983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Zanella R, Schilling M, Klockow D (1999) J Environ Monit 1:441–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Zhao Y, Yang L, Wang Q (2008) Environ Sci Technol 42:6046–6050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Zhu X, Pfister G, Henkelmann B, Kotalik J, Bernhöft S, Fiedler S, Schramm KW (2008) Environ Pollut 156:461–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Garcia-Jares
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. Barro
    • 2
  • J. Regueiro
    • 1
  • L. Sanchez-Prado
    • 1
  • M. Llompart
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Nutricion y Bromatologia, Instituto de Investigacion y Analisis AlimentariosUniversidad de Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  2. 2.CIEMAT (Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas)Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion, CEDERLubiaSpain

Personalised recommendations