Ultra-Trace Analysis of Palladium: State-of-the-Art and Future Challenges
Due to the introduction of the three-way catalytic converter (TWC) in Europe in the mid-eighties, determination of platinum group elements (PGE) in environmental compartments has received elevated interest over the past two decades. While improving air quality by converting hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides into the less harmful substances carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and water, the use of these devices constitutes a new source for the widespread emission of PGE into the environment.
KeywordsInstrumental Neutron Activation Analysis Road Dust Platinum Group Element Catalytic Converter Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Austrian Science Fund-FWF (Project Nr.: P20838-N17).
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