Ultra-Trace Analysis of Palladium: State-of-the-Art and Future Challenges

  • C. PulsEmail author
  • A. Limbeck
  • S. Hann
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Due to the introduction of the three-way catalytic converter (TWC) in Europe in the mid-eighties, determination of platinum group elements (PGE) in environmental compartments has received elevated interest over the past two decades. While improving air quality by converting hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides into the less harmful substances carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and water, the use of these devices constitutes a new source for the widespread emission of PGE into the environment.


Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis Road Dust Platinum Group Element Catalytic Converter Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Austrian Science Fund-FWF (Project Nr.: P20838-N17).


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Natural Resources and Applied Life SciencesViennaAustria
  2. 2.Institute of Chemical Technologies and AnalyticsVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria

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