An Evolutionary Method for Model-Based Automatic Segmentation of Lower Abdomen CT Images for Radiotherapy Planning

  • Vitoantonio Bevilacqua
  • Giuseppe Mastronardi
  • Alessandro Piazzolla
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6024)


Segmentation of target organs and organs at risk is a fundamental task in radiotherapy treatment planning. Since its completion carried out by a radiation oncologist is really time-consuming, there is the need to perform it automatically. Unfortunately there is not a universal method capable to segment accurately every anatomical structure in every medical image, so each problem requires a study and an own solution. In this paper we analyze the problem of segmentation of bladder, prostate and rectum in lower abdomen CT images and propose a novel algorithm to solve it. It builds a statistical model of the organs analyzing a training set, generates potential solutions and chooses the segmentation result evaluating them on the basis of an aprioristic knowledge and the characteristics of patient image, using Genetic Algorithms. Out method has been tested qualitatively and quantitatively and offered good performance.


Segmentation lower abdomen CT radiotherapy planning genetic algorithms 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vitoantonio Bevilacqua
    • 1
    • 2
  • Giuseppe Mastronardi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alessandro Piazzolla
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and ElectronicsPolytechnic of BariBariItaly
  2. 2.e.B.I.S. s.r.l. (electronic Business in Security)Spin-Off of Polytechnic of BariBariItaly

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