Agent Based Evacuation Model with Car-Following Parameters by Means of Cellular Automata
An agent based evacuation model with car-following parameters for micro traffic by means of cellular automata is proposed. The model features smart drivers who have a concern the distance between the driver and the surrounding cars. Such drivers are called agents. Agents lead the other cars not only in an ordinary case but also in the case of evacuations. We put the smart drivers and the agent drivers into the car-following parameters of traffic model. We applied it in the case of evacuation. Experimental simulation results show the effectiveness of reducing the evacuation time by the agents. It also is found the effectiveness increases in accordance with increasing of the number of agents.
KeywordsAgent based traffic model micro traffic model car-following smart driver
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