Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 76)


In this chapter is described the importance of the transient changes noninvasive monitoring of physiological variables in living objects. It also contains the rationale for the development of an ambulatory monitoring equipment including long-term recording of a heart mechanical activity.


Stroke Volume Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Ejection Time Tilt Test Ambulatory Monitoring 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Arshad, W., Duncan, A.M., Francis, D.P., O’Sullivan, C.A., Gibson, D.G., Henein, M.Y.: Systole-diastole mismatch in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is caused by stress induced left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Am. Heart J. 148(5), 903–909 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cybulski, G.: Dynamic impedance cardiography—the system and its applications. Pol. J. Med. Phys. Eng. 11(3), 127–209 (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Frey, M.A.B., Doerr, B.M.: Correlation between ejection times measured from the carotid pulse contour and the impedance cardiogram. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 54(10), 894–897 (1983)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Holter, N.J.: New method for heart studies. Science. 134, 1214–1220 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lewis, R.P., Boudoulas, H., Leier, C.V., Unverferth, D.V., Weissler, A.M.: Usefulness of the systolic time intervals in cardiovascular clinical cardiology. Trans. Am. Clin. Climatol. Assoc. 93, 108–120 (1981)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Penaz, J., Voigt, A., Teichmann, W.: Contribution to the continuous indirect blood pressure measurement (in German). Gesamte Inn. Med. 31(24), 1030–1033 (1976)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Qu, M., Webster, J.G., Tompkins, W.J., Voss, S., Bogenhagen, B., Nagel, F.: Portable impedance cardiograph for ambulatory subjects. In: Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE. pp. 1488–1489, vol. 3. New York (1987)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Weissler, A.M., Peeler, R.G., Roehll, W.H.: Relationship between left ventricular ejection time, stroke volume, and heart rate in normal individuals and patients with cardiovascular disease. Am. Heart J. 62, 367-78 (1961)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Weissler, A.M., Harris, W.S., Schoenfeld, C.D.: Systolic time intervals in heart failure in man. Circulation 36(2), 149–159 (1968)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhang, Y., Qu, M., Webster, J.G., Tompkins, W.J.: Impedance cardiography for ambulatory subjects. In: Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference of the IEEE/Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Frontiers of Engineering and Computing in Health Care, IEEE, pp.764–769, vol. 2. New York (1985)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied PhysiologyMedical Research Centre of Polish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Department of Mechatronics, Institute of Metrology and Biomedical EngineeringWarsaw University of TechnologyWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations