Anesthesia in Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery

  • Fabio GuarracinoEmail author
  • Rubia Baldassarri


Minimally invasive cardiac surgery refers to a series of surgical techniques characterized by either a limited surgical access or by a reduced operative intervention. In the last years, cardiac surgery and consequently cardiac anesthesiology have been involved with new surgical procedures and different technical approaches that have significantly changed the perioperative management of cardiac surgery patients. These procedures that shorten the length of surgery and the perioperative stress have been expanding in all surgical fields as in cardiac surgery. By limiting the surgical wounds and intraoperative stress, often avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass, the minimally invasive cardiac surgery techniques provide a more rapid patient recovery, reduce hospital length of stay, and generally improve the postoperative outcome [1–3].


Left Ventricle Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Left Ventricle Dysfunction Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Valvular Dysfunction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Cardiothoracic Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Cardio-Thoracic DepartmentUniversity Hospital of PisaPisaItaly

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