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Introduction

  • Roberto Pasquale CasulaEmail author
Chapter
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Abstract

Since the mid-1990s, cardiac surgery has shown a progressive and increasing interest towards the development of minimal invasive and minimal access techniques virtually worldwide.

Keywords

Minimal Access Procedures (MICS) Tissue Deformation Tracking Atraumatic Coronary Artery Bypass Mitral Valve Repair Surgery Demanding Learning Curve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial Healthcare College NHS TrustLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Cardiothoracic SurgerySt. Mary’s Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS TrustLondonUK

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