Complete Thoracoscopic Thymectomy (cT-Thymectomy)

  • Rolf G. C. InderbitziEmail author
  • Ralph Alexander Schmid


In “complete thoracoscopic thymectomy” (cT-Thymectomy), “c” indicates that the surgical procedure is carried out entirely by means of endoscopy (closed chest). The operation is usually approached from the left but can be approached bilaterally if necessary. Suitable indications are thymectomies in myasthenia gravis patients without thymoma or small thymomas which can be removed without extending the port incisions.


Phrenic Nerve Innominate Vein Myasthenic Patient Extended Thymectomy Thymic Lobe 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rolf G. C. Inderbitzi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ralph Alexander Schmid
    • 2
  1. 1.Thoraxzentrum Zurich, Hirslanden ClinicZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Division of General Thoracic SurgeryUniversity Hospital BerneBerneSwitzerland

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