Video-Thoracoscopic Parietal Pleurectomy

  • Paul E. Van SchilEmail author
  • Jeroen M. Hendriks
  • Chantal Vandenbroeck
  • Patrick R. Lauwers


Pleurectomy implies removal of the parietal and/or visceral pleura and can be performed by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) or open thoracotomy. Depending on the specific disease involved, an apical, partial or full parietal pleurectomy is performed. In case of a thickened visceral pleura limiting lung expansion, a visceral pleurectomy which is called decortication may be necessary.

Main indications for pleurectomy are primary or secondary spontaneous pneumothorax, recurrent pleural effusion associated with inflammatory disorders and malignant pleural effusion. For most indications, no definitive guidelines can be provided due to the lack of prospective randomised clinical trials. Specific treatment should be tailored according to the patients’ symptoms, the underlying disease and the estimated prognosis.


Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Malignant Pleural Effusion Spontaneous Pneumothorax Parietal Pleura Visceral Pleura 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul E. Van Schil
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jeroen M. Hendriks
    • 1
  • Chantal Vandenbroeck
    • 1
  • Patrick R. Lauwers
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Thoracic and Vascular SurgeryAntwerp University HospitalEdegem (Antwerp)Belgium

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