History of Minimally Invasive Thoracic and Cardiac Surgery

  • Corrado LaviniEmail author
  • Ciro Ruggiero
  • Uliano Morandi


Minimally invasive cardiothoracic surgery has developed into a sound technique over the past 20 years. It represents an evolution of the early thoracoscopic techniques which were applied in the past century by pulmonologists and internists, mostly aimed at diagnosis and which greatly contributed to the development of an innovative and successful surgical approach.

This chapter is an overview of the essential stages in the development of this technique, from the first experiences by H. C. Jacobaeus, to the introduction of video-assisted thoracoscopy, and eventually to robotics surgery.

Finally, telesurgery is briefly outlined as the most advanced evolution of robotics surgery, allowing to perform remote surgical procedures.


Robotic Surgery Pleural Cavity Left Internal Mammary Artery Surgical Robot Diaphragmatic Eventration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of General Surgery and Surgical SpecialtiesUniversity of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Policlinico of ModenaModenaItaly

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