Port Constraints in Hierarchical Layout of Data Flow Diagrams

  • Miro Spönemann
  • Hauke Fuhrmann
  • Reinhard von Hanxleden
  • Petra Mutzel
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5849)


We present a new application for graph drawing in the context of graphical model-based system design, where manual placing of graphical items is still state-of-the-practice. The KIELER framework aims at improving this by offering novel user interaction techniques, enabled by automatic layout of the diagrams. In this paper we present extensions of the well-known hierarchical layout approach, originally suggested by Sugiyama et al. [22], to support port constraints, hyperedges, and compound graphs in order to layout diagrams of data flow languages. A case study and experimental results show that our algorithm is well suited for application in interactive user interfaces.


Linear Segment Layout Algorithm Source Port Vertical Line Segment Edge Crossing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Arya, A., Kumar, A., Swaminathan, V.V., Misra, A.: Automatic generation of digital system schematic diagrams. In: DAC 1985: Proceedings of the 22nd ACM/IEEE Conference on Design Automation, pp. 388–395. ACM, New York (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baburin, D.E.: Using graph based representations in reengineering. In: Proceedings of the Sixth European Conference on Software Maintenance and Reengineering, pp. 203–206 (2002)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Batini, C., Nardelli, E., Tamassia, R.: A layout algorithm for data flow diagrams. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering 12(4), 538–546 (1986)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Di Battista, G., Eades, P., Tamassia, R., Tollis, I.G.: Graph Drawing: Algorithms for the Visualization of Graphs. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1999)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chapin, N.: Some structured analysis techniques. SIGMIS Database 10(3), 16–23 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Davis, A.L., Keller, R.M.: Data flow program graphs. Computer 15(2), 26–41 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Doorley, M., Cahill, A.: Experiences in automatic leveling of data flow diagrams. In: WPC 1996: Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Program Comprehension, pp. 218–229. IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Eker, J., Janneck, J.W., Lee, E.A., Liu, J., Liu, X., Ludvig, J., Neuendorffer, S., Sachs, S., Xiong, Y.: Taming heterogeneity—the Ptolemy approach. Proceedings of the IEEE 91(1), 127–144 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Eschbach, T.: Visualisierungen im Schaltkreisentwurf. PhD thesis, Institut für Informatik, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (June 2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Eschbach, T., Guenther, W., Becker, B.: Orthogonal hypergraph drawing for improved visibility. Journal of Graph Algorithms and Applications 10(2), 141–157 (2006)zbMATHMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gansner, E.R., Koutsofios, E., North, S.C., Vo, K.-P.: A technique for drawing directed graphs. Software Engineering 19(3), 214–230 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lageweg, C.R.: Designing an automatic schematic generator for a netlist description. Technical Report 1-68340-44(1998)03, Laboratory of Computer Architecture and Digital Techniques (CARDIT), Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Information Technology and Systems (1998)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Prochnow, S., von Hanxleden, R.: Statechart development beyond WYSIWYG. In: Engels, G., Opdyke, B., Schmidt, D.C., Weil, F. (eds.) MODELS 2007. LNCS, vol. 4735, pp. 635–649. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sander, G.: Graph layout through the VCG tool. Technical Report A03/94, Universität des Saarlandes, FB 14 Informatik, 66041 Saarbrücken (October 1994)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sander, G.: A fast heuristic for hierarchical Manhattan layout. In: Brandenburg, F.J. (ed.) GD 1995. LNCS, vol. 1027, pp. 447–458. Springer, Heidelberg (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sander, G.: Layout of compound directed graphs. Technical Report A/03/96, Universität des Saarlandes, FB 14 Informatik, 66041 Saarbrücken (June 1996)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sander, G.: Layout of directed hypergraphs with orthogonal hyperedges. In: Liotta, G. (ed.) GD 2003. LNCS, vol. 2912, pp. 381–386. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sander, G., Vasiliu, A.: The ILOG JViews graph layout module. In: Mutzel, P., Jünger, M., Leipert, S. (eds.) GD 2001. LNCS, vol. 2265, pp. 438–439. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Spönemann, M.: On the automatic layout of data flow diagrams. Diploma thesis, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Department of Computer Science (March 2009),
  20. 20.
    Spönemann, M., Fuhrmann, H., von Hanxleden, R.: Automatic layout of data flow diagrams in KIELER and Ptolemy II. Technical Report 0914, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Department of Computer Science (July 2009),
  21. 21.
    Sugiyama, K., Misue, K.: Visualization of structural information: automatic drawing of compound digraphs. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics 21(4), 876–892 (1991)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sugiyama, K., Tagawa, S., Toda, M.: Methods for visual understanding of hierarchical system structures. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics 11(2), 109–125 (1981)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wiese, R., Eiglsperger, M., Kaufmann, M.: yFiles: Visualization and automatic layout of graphs. In: Mutzel, P., Jünger, M., Leipert, S. (eds.) GD 2001. LNCS, vol. 2265, pp. 588–590. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miro Spönemann
    • 1
  • Hauke Fuhrmann
    • 1
  • Reinhard von Hanxleden
    • 1
  • Petra Mutzel
    • 2
  1. 1.Real-Time and Embedded Systems GroupChristian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel 
  2. 2.Chair of Algorithm EngineeringTechnische Universität Dortmund 

Personalised recommendations