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Institutional isomorphism and adoption of e-marketing in the hospitality industry: a new perspective for research

  • Amos GyauEmail author
  • Randy Stringer
Conference paper

Abstract

Many factors have been used to explain adoption behaviours of managers in the hospitality industry. Studies employing these factors have been carried out with the assumption (implicit or explicit) that the managers are free and independent in their decision to adopt innovations such as the use of e-marketing without much attention to the effects of external pressures. In this paper we provide a relatively new conceptual framework for innovation adoption in the field of tourism based on the concept of institutional isomorphism. We argue that e-marketing adoption decisions by tourist operators can be influenced either singly or jointly by important aspects of institutional factors namely ‘institutional isomorphism’, which, when combined with the traditional innovation adoption factors can enhance a better understanding of tour operators adoption behaviour.

Zusammenfassung

In der Literatur finden sich viele Faktoren, die das Innovationsverhalten von Managern im Gastgewerbe erklären. Studien, die diese Faktoren nutzen, sind mit der (impliziten oder expliziten) Annahme durchgeführt worden, dass Manager ihre Entscheidungen, Innovationen wie z. B. E-Marketing einzuführen, frei und unabhängig treffen können, ohne äußeren Druck berücksichtigen zu müssen. In diesem Beitrag bieten wir ein relativ neues konzeptionelles System für die Einführung von Innovationen in der Tourismus-Branche, das auf dem Konzept der institutionellen Isomorphie beruht. Es wird argumentiert, dass die Entscheidungen von Reiseveranstaltern bzgl. der Einführung von E-Marketing entweder durch einzelne oder mehrere institutionelle Faktoren beeinflusst werden können. Dem Konzept der institutionellen Isomorphie kommt hierbei eine besondere Bedeutung zu. Kombiniert mit traditionellen Faktoren der Innovations-Übernahme kann sie das Verständnis des Innovationsverhalten der Reiseveranstalter verbessern.

Riassunto

Sono stati usati molti fattori per spiegare i comportamenti adottati dai manager nell’industria dell’ospitalità. Si son fatti degli studi che utilizzano tali fattori con il presupposto - implicito o esplicito- che i manager siano liberi e indipendenti circa la decisione di adottare delle innovazioni quali ad esempio l’utilizzo dell’e-marketing. Poca attenzione è stata data a eventuali pressioni esterne e alle loro conseguenze. In questo lavoro forniamo un quadro concettuale relativamente nuovo per l’adozione di innovazioni nel campo del turismo basato sul concetto dell’isomorfismo istituzionale. Crediamo che le decisioni di adottare l’e-marketing da parte degli operatori turistici possano essere influenzate singolarmente o collettivamente da un importante complesso di fattori istituzionali detti “isomorfismo istituzionale”. Quest’ultimo, insieme ai tradizionali fattori che spiegano il comportamento relativo alle innovazioni, può aiutare a meglio comprendere perché i tour operators adottino tali comportamenti.

Keywords

Institutional isomorphism Tourism e-marketing adoption 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of agriculture, food and wine Discipline of Agri-food and Wine BusinessThe University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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