On Ambiguities in Definitions and Applications of Bouguer Gravity Anomaly

  • P. VajdaEmail author
  • P. Vaníček
  • P. Novák
  • R. Tenzer
  • A. Ellmann
  • B. Meurers
Conference paper
Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 135)


Over decades diverse definitions and use of the Bouguer gravity anomaly found place in geodetic and geophysical applications. We discuss three distinct Bouguer anomalies. Their definitions vary due to the presence or absence of various effects (corrections), such as the geophysical indirect effect and the secondary indirect effects. Here we discuss the significance and magnitude of these effects. We point out the different understanding of the Bouguer anomaly in geophysics compared to geodesy. We also address the diverse demands on the gravity data in geophysical and geodetic applications, such as the issue of the topographic density and the lower boundary in the volume integral for the topographic correction, as well as the need for the bathymetric correction. Recommendations are made to bring the definitions and terminology into accord with the potential theory.


Bouguer anomaly Gravity disturbance Topographic correction SITE Geophysical indirect effect 



Peter Vajda acknowledges the partial support of the VEGA grant agency projects No. 2/3004/23 and 2/6019/26. Pavel Novák was supported by the Grant 205/08/1103 of the Czech Science Foundation.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Vajda
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. Vaníček
    • 2
  • P. Novák
    • 3
    • 4
  • R. Tenzer
    • 5
  • A. Ellmann
    • 6
  • B. Meurers
    • 7
  1. 1.Geophysical Institute, Slovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovak Republic
  2. 2.Department of Geodesy and Geomatics EngineeringUniversity of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada
  3. 3.Research Institute of Geodesy, Topography, and CartographyZdibyCzech Republic
  4. 4.Department of MathematicsUniversity of West BohemiaPilsenCzech Republic
  5. 5.Delft Institute of Earth Observation and Space Systems (DEOS)Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  6. 6.Department of Civil EngineeringTallinn University of TechnologyTallinnEstonia
  7. 7.Institute of Meteorology and Geophysics, University of ViennaViennaAustria

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