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Phosphorus: Plant Strategies to Cope with its Scarcity

  • Lenin Sánchez-Calderón
  • Alejandra Chacon-López
  • Claudia-Anahí Pérez-Torres
  • Luis Herrera-EstrellaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Plant Cell Monographs book series (CELLMONO, volume 17)

Abstract

Low phosphorus (P) availability is considered a major constraint for plant growth and crop productivity; therefore, the ability of plant roots to acquire P from soil and the mechanisms that regulate phosphorous homeostasis in the plant are topics of great interest. Low P availability elicits a Pi-starvation response that includes morphological, metabolic, and physiological changes oriented to increase P availability and the efficiency of P uptake and usage by the plant. Recent advances in the study of the plant responses to low P availability allowed the identification of several key molecular components of the P rescue system. However, the complete signaling pathways, as well as the putative phosphate receptors, remain largely unknown. In this chapter, we review current research aimed at dissecting the components of the biochemical, molecular, and physiological adaptations associated with the plant responses to P starvation and its relation to the efficiency and effectiveness of P uptake and assimilation from rhizosphere.

Keywords

Root System Architecture Phosphate Starvation Proteoid Root Phosphate Starvation Response Phosphate Starvation Induce 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lenin Sánchez-Calderón
    • 1
  • Alejandra Chacon-López
    • 2
  • Claudia-Anahí Pérez-Torres
    • 1
  • Luis Herrera-Estrella
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la BiodiversidadCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico NacionalIrapuatoMéxico
  2. 2.Departamento de Ingeniería Genética de PlantasCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico NacionalIrapuatoMéxico

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