Increased Robustness in Context Detection and Reasoning Using Uncertainty Measures: Concept and Application

  • Martin Berchtold
  • Michael Beigl
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5859)


This paper reports on a novel recurrent fuzzy classification method for robust detection of context activities in an environment using either single or distributed sensors. It also introduces a classification of system architectures for uncertainty calculation in general. Our proposed novel method utilizes uncertainty measures for improvement of detection, fusion and aggregation of context knowledge. Uncertainty measurement calculations are based on our novel recurrent fuzzy system. We applied the method in a real application to recognize various applause (and non applause) situations, e.g. during a conference. Measurements were taken from mobile phone sensors (microphone, accel. if available) and acceleration sensory attached to a board marker. We show that we are able to improve robustness of detection using our novel recurrent fuzzy classifier in combination with uncertainty measures by ~30% on average. We also show that the use of multiple phones and distributed recognition in most cases allows to achieve a recognition rate between 90% and 100%.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Berchtold
    • 1
  • Michael Beigl
    • 1
  1. 1.Distributed and Ubiquitous SystemsTU BraunschweigBraunschweigGermany

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