A Framework to Develop Persuasive Smart Environments

  • Pedro Lobo
  • Teresa Romão
  • A. Eduardo Dias
  • José Carlos Danado
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5859)


This paper presents a framework for the creation of context-sensitive persuasive applications. The framework allows the authoring of new persuasive smart environments producing the appropriate feedback to the users based on different sensors spread throughout the environment to capture contextual information. Using this framework, we created an application, Smart Bins, aimed at promoting users’ behavioural changes regarding the recycling of waste materials. Furthermore, to evaluate the usability of our authoring tool, we performed user tests to analyze if developers could successfully create the Smart Bins application using the framework. A description of the Smart Bins application, as well as the results of the user tests, are also presented in this paper.


Persuasive technology contextual awareness ubiquitous applications authoring 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Fogg, B.J.: Persuasive Technology – Using Computers to Change What We Think and Do. Morgan Kaufman, San Francisco (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Weiser, M.: The computer for the 21st century. Scientific American 265(3), 94–104 (1991)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Oinas-Kukkonen, H., Harjumaa, M.: A Systematic Framework for Designing and Evaluating Persuasive Systems. In: Oinas-Kukkonen, H., Hasle, P., Harjumaa, M., Segerståhl, K., Øhrstrøm, P. (eds.) PERSUASIVE 2008. LNCS, vol. 5033, pp. 164–176. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Picard, R.: Affective Computing. MIT Press, United States (1998)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Intille, S.S.: Ubiquitous Computing Technology for Just-in-time Motivation of Behavior Change. Proceedings of Medinfo. 11(Pt) 2, 1434–1437 (2004)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Selker, T., Burleson, W.: Context-Aware Design and Interaction in Computer Systems. IBM Systems Journal 39(4), 880–891 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Arroyo, E., Bonnani, L., Selker, T.: Waterbot: Exploring Feedback and Persuasive Techniques at the Sink. In: Proc. ACM CHI, Portland, OR, April 2-7, pp. 631–639 (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chi, P., Chen, J., Chu, H., Lo, J.: Enabling Calorie-Aware Cooking in a Smart Kitchen. In: Oinas-Kukkonen, H., Hasle, P., Harjumaa, M., Segerståhl, K., Øhrstrøm, P. (eds.) PERSUASIVE 2008. LNCS, vol. 5033, pp. 116–127. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Obermair, C., Reitberger, W., Meschtscherjakov, A., Lankes, M., Tscheligi, M.: perFrames: Persuasive Picture Frames for Proper Posture. In: Oinas-Kukkonen, H., Hasle, P., Harjumaa, M., Segerståhl, K., Øhrstrøm, P. (eds.) PERSUASIVE 2008. LNCS, vol. 5033, pp. 128–139. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Romão, T., Hipólito, J., Correia, N., Câmara, A., Danado, J.: Interactive Public Ambient Displays for Environmental Persuasion. In: de Kort, Y.A.W., IJsselsteijn, W.A., Midden, C., Eggen, B., Fogg, B.J. (eds.) PERSUASIVE 2007. LNCS, vol. 4744, pp. 1–11. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Streitz, N.A., Röcker, C., Prante, T., Stenzel, R., Van Alphen, D.: Situated Interaction with Ambient Information: Facilitating Awareness and Communication in Ubiquitous Work Environments. In: Tenth International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International 2003), Crete, Greece, June 22-27, pp. 133–137 (2003)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vogel, D., Balakrishnan, R.: Interactive Public Ambient Displays: Transitioning from Implicit to Explicit, Public to Personal, Interaction with Multiple Users. In: Proceedings of the 17th annual ACM symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, Santa Fe, NM, US, October 24-27, pp. 137–146 (2004)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yahoo: Yahoo Pipes,

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro Lobo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Teresa Romão
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Eduardo Dias
    • 1
    • 3
  • José Carlos Danado
    • 4
  1. 1.Research Center for Informatics and Information Technologies (CITI-DI/FCT/UNL) 
  2. 2.DI-Faculty of Sciences and TechnologyNew University of LisbonQuinta da TorrePortugal
  3. 3.DI-University of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  4. 4.YDreams, Edifício YDreamsMadan Parque SulPortugal

Personalised recommendations